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A synthetic antiviral ribonucleoside that inhibits DNA and RNA replication, used to treat lung infections caused by respiratory syncytial virus in infants and young children and in combination with an interferon to treat hepatitis C infection.

[Probably rib(onucleic) a(cid) + vir(us) + -in.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Medicine) an antiviral drug used against many viruses such as influenza, and, in combination with other drugs, hepatitis C
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈraɪ bəˌvaɪ rɪn)

a synthetic compound, C8H12N4O5, active against several DNA and RNA viruses.
[1965–70; probably by shortening and alter. of ribofuranosyl, a component of its chemical name (see ribose, furan, -ose2, -yl) + vir (us) + -in1]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ribavirin - an inhaled antiviral agent (trade name Virazole) that may be used to treat serious virus infections
antiviral, antiviral agent, antiviral drug - any drug that destroys viruses
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


n ribavirina
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Kinetics of liver function test (ALT) results, tacrolimus levels, and plasma HEV RNA load with relation to ribavirin therapy.
Before the routine use of direct-acting antiviral (DAA) agent-based regimens, the standard treatment for CHC in hemodialysis patients was pegylated interferon (Peg-IFN) with or without ribavirin. Unfortunately, the efficacy of this regimen was suboptimal, and the potential toxicity of therapy was high (7,8).
He said the federal government has ensured that Ribavirin, the major drug used for the treatment of Lassa fever, has been provided free-of-charge to patients 'for every single case of Lassa fever reported in Nigeria' in 2018.
Supportive therapy was given to the patient without ribavirin. Three unit apheresis thrombocyte were given to the patient.
Direct-acting antiviral agents have revolutionized treatment of HCV infection; however, persons co-infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have been restricted by the requirement for complex regimens, including peginterferon or ribavirin (Rebetol[R]) (Molina et al., 2015; Rockstroh et al., 2015).
Objective: To compare metformin and pioglitazone with standard interferon and ribavirin in achieving sustained virological response in chronic hepatitis C patients.
B reports that her symptoms started 3 weeks ago, a few days after she started taking sofosbuvir and ribavirin for refractory HCV.
Through the EAMS, the regimen may be accessed by adults with compensated cirrhosis and at least one of the following: GT 1, 4, 5 or 6 infection and previous treatment with an NS5A inhibitor; GT 2, 3, 5 or 6 infection and chronic kidney disease stage 4 or 5; or GT 3 infection previously treated with peg-interferon, ribavirin and/or sofosbuvir.
Although Interferon plus ribavirin therapy shows a good response in patients with genotype 3, yet the problem with this regimen is the serious side-effects of interferon.
"Our analyses indicated that ribavirin significantly increases SVR [sustained viral response] rates and should be considered, if tolerated," Floor A.C.
Patients with genotype 2 were treated with sofosbuvir and ribavirin for 12 weeks if no cirrhosis and 24 weeks for cirrhosis patients.
The first-line therapies approved for chronic HCV genotype 1 infection patients are sofosbuvir plus peginterferon plus ribavirin and simeprevir plus peginterferon plus ribavirin.