rifampicin


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Related to rifampicin: ethambutol, Pyrazinamide

ri·fam·pi·cin

 (rĭ-făm′pĭ-sĭn)
n.

[rif(omycin) + a(mino-) + m(ethyl) + p(iperazine) + alteration of -(m)ycin.]

rifampicin

(rɪˈfæmpɪsɪn) or

rifampin

n
(Pharmacology) a drug used in the treatment of tuberculosis, meningitis, and leprosy
[C20: from rifam(y)cin, from Rififi, nickname of the original culture + -mycin + inserted pi(perazine)]
Translations

rifampicin

n. rifampicina, sustancia semisintética, antibacteriana que se usa en el tratamiento de la tuberculosis pulmonar.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Culture of sputum on LJ medium was performed as it is a gold standard in the diagnosis of tuberculosis while GenXpert only detects resistance to rifampicin. A Total of 95 isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, were subjected to GenXpert and LJ culture and later on for drug susceptibility testing on LJ culture.
[8] These sample are received at the CB-NAAT center ANMMCH, Gaya for the diagnosis of tuberculosis and Rifampicin resistance among the positive cases of tuberculosis.
Syrup forms of Rifampicin and Pyrazinamide are also short This is sad situation.
tuberculosis to rifampicin concentrations above the MIC (0.25-0.5 [micro]g/mL for wild-type of Mycobacterium) is the best determinant of patient outcome.
Now, researchers from Newcastle University and Demuris Ltd have identified that a naturally occurring antibiotic, called kanglemycin A aAC" related to the antibiotic rifampicin aAC" is active against rifampicin-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
* Participants with DR-TB (MDR-TB as well as mono-resistance to isonaizid or rifampicin) will receive BPaMZ daily for 6 months.
However, it was suggested that the lack of therapeutic benefits may be due to the "not high enough" chosen dose of rifampicin. Moreover, it was given orally and not intravenously, as in the study by Ruslami et al10.
'Thus in our new paper, we postulate that vitamin C is stimulating respiration of the Mtb cells in mice, thus enabling the action of isoniazid and rifampicin.'
This is a case of an elderly female with recurrent Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare (MAI) pneumonia, who was restarted on Rifampicin-containing triple drug regimen (after a 16-month drug-free interval) and presented with acute kidney injury (AKI) and blood in the urine ten days after starting treatment with Rifampicin. Serum creatinine was normal before presentation and there was no history of other nephrotoxic insults.
The patient was prescribed a combination of oral doxycycline (100 mg twice a day) with rifampicin (600 mg once a day).
Four treatments are commonly used for treating pruritus in PBC patients: For three--bile acid-binding resins, rifampicin, and opioid antagonists --significant side effects and lack of proof of long-term efficacy prevent the treatments from standing out.