We likewise perceive from this, that the true use of respiration is to bring sufficient fresh air into the lungs, to cause the blood which flows into them from the right ventricle
of the heart, where it has been rarefied and, as it were, changed into vapors, to become thick, and to convert it anew into blood, before it flows into the left cavity, without which process it would be unfit for the nourishment of the fire that is there.
Two-dimensional echocardiography has limitations in evaluating right ventricle
If the patients with nasal polyposis left untreated, it could affect firstly right ventricle
functions and then it could cause cardiovascular complications.
A long-standing ASD increases pulmonary vascular perfusion, and causes diastolic overload of the right ventricle
. Children with ASD typically have normal pulmonary vascular resistance, and generally endure increased pulmonary blood flow which may exceed twice the systemic blood flow.
Spiral twisting of the growing tissue and a shift of the conal base to the middle causes the outflow tracts to align with the pulmonary artery over the right ventricle
and with the aorta over the left ventricle (see Figure 11).
Some blood that has returned from the lungs and has been pumped into the left ventricle flows to the right ventricle
through the hole instead of being pumped into the aorta.
Her echocardiography report showed a moderately large right coronary artery fistula opening into right ventricle
and moderate tricuspid regurgitation.
A 4-year-old girl was previously diagnosed with asplenia, single right ventricle
, and supracardiac TAPVC.
The CMRI reveals mild structural abnormalities of the right ventricle
in patients with RVOT-VT, primarily involving wall thinning, fatty infiltration, motion abnormalities, and aneurysms [1, 15, 16].
Echocardiography showed situs solitus, levocardia, single ventricle physiology, inverted ventricles, hypoplastic right ventricle
, pulmonary artery from left ventricle with bulboventricular foramen stenosis, PV gradient of 57/25 mmHg and normal left ventricular function.
Severe LVOTO could be treated with reoperation of the atrialized right ventricle
. Conclusions: Ebstein's anomaly patients treated with TVP or TVR can experience optimal outcomes with midterm follow-up.