ritornello

(redirected from ritornelli)
Also found in: Encyclopedia.

ri·tor·nel·lo

 (rē′tôr-nĕl′lō)
n. pl. ri·tor·nel·li (-lē) or ri·tor·nel·los
1. An instrumental interlude recurring after each stanza in a vocal work.
2. A passage or section for full orchestra in a concerto or aria.
3. An instrumental interlude in early 17th-century opera.
4. The refrain of a rondo.

[Italian, diminutive of ritorno, return, from ritornare, to return, from Vulgar Latin *retornāre; see return.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

ritornello

(ˌrɪtəˈnɛləʊ)
n, pl -los or -li (-liː)
1. (Classical Music) an orchestral passage between verses of an aria or song
2. (Classical Music) a ripieno passage in a concerto grosso
Also called: ritornel, ritornelle or ritournelle
[C17: from Italian, literally: a little return, from ritorno a return]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ri•tor•nel•lo

(ˌrɪt ərˈnɛl oʊ)

n., pl. -los, -li (-li)
1. an orchestral interlude between arias, scenes, or acts in 17th-century opera.
2. a tutti section in a concerto grosso, aria, etc.
[1665–75; < Italian, diminutive of ritorno return]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
151), he discusses components of arias such as thematic fragments, ritornelli, and orchestration to highlight Handel's own exploration of character.
While the instrumental interaction provides interest (particularly in the ritornelli that begin and end songs), there is a complete piano accompaniment without them.
Il successo dell'album e il risultato della somma di piu fattori, a partire dall'accorta miscela fra novita e riconoscibilita, "esotico" e tradizionale: le sonorita degli strumenti provenienti dalle diverse zone del Mediterraneo sono sapientemente mescolate ai timbri "occidentali"; ritmi mediterranei, modi e tonalita diverse sono inseriti aH'interno di strutture formali vicine alla forma-canzone (strofe, ritornelli, refrain e assoli) e per questo catturano facilmente la curiosita dell'ascoltatore, senza disorientarlo.
(This is precisely the case with the one surviving autograph of Le papillon et la fleur, evidently a first fair copy made for the singer's use while Faure filled in its missing ritornelli and ending at the piano.
The edition consists of a full score for the conductor and organist; a piano/vocal score with all of the choruses, arias for soloists and trios; a choral edition for SSATB, without orchestral ritornelli, solo and trio arias; orchestral parts for two violins; violone (cello); contra bass; and, for Part VI, five gambas.
Finito il primo Kyrie, & Christe, si repigliaranno subito li suoi ritornelli. Alla partitura della canzone si e anco posto il Basso continuo per servirsene ad arbitrio dell'Organista.
The second movement includes the plainsong "Nunc dimittus," with recitative and ritornelli interpolated.
Sonate, sinfonie, canzoni, passemezzi, balletti, correnti, gagliarde, & ritornelli a 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 & 6 voci, per ogni sorte di strumenti; un capriccio per sonar due violini quattro parti; un eco per tre violini, & alcune sonate capricciose per sonar due e tre parti con il violino solo, con altre curiose & moderne invenzioni, opera VIII (1629).