translocation

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Related to robertsonian translocation: mosaicism

trans·lo·ca·tion

 (trăns′lō-kā′shən, trănz′-)
n.
1. A change of location.
2. Genetics
a. A transfer of a chromosomal segment to a new position, especially on a nonhomologous chromosome.
b. A chromosomal segment that is translocated.
3. Botany The movement of sap downward and upward within the phloem, bringing nutrients to all living parts of a plant.

translocation

(ˌtrænzləʊˈkeɪʃən)
n
1. (Genetics) genetics the transfer of one part of a chromosome to another part of the same or a different chromosome, resulting in rearrangement of the genes
2. (Botany) botany the transport of minerals, sugars, etc, in solution within a plant
3. a movement from one position or place to another

trans•lo•ca•tion

(ˌtræns loʊˈkeɪ ʃən, ˌtrænz-)

n.
1. a change of location.
2. the movement of a gene or set of genes from one chromosome to another.
3. the conduction of soluble food material from one part of a plant to another.
[1615–25]

translocation

The movement of food through the phloem of a plant.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.translocation - the transport of dissolved material within a plant
biological process, organic process - a process occurring in living organisms
2.translocation - (genetics) an exchange of chromosome parts; "translocations can result in serious congenital disorders"
genetic science, genetics - the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms
biological process, organic process - a process occurring in living organisms
Translations

trans·lo·ca·tion

n. translocación, desplazamiento de un cromosoma o parte del mismo hacia otro cromosoma.

translocation

n translocación f
References in periodicals archive ?
Molecular studies demonstrated that the ring included a duplicated region with a concomitant distal deletion suggesting the following mechanism: an initial Robertsonian translocation occurred between one paternal and one maternal chromosome in a trisomic cell, followed by distal breakage and deletion in both long arms of the translocation, leading to the formation of a ring chromosome.
The analysis of chromosomal aberrations was classified as numeric (autosomal trisomy -21, 18, 13, 17, 7-, monosomy, triploidy, and sex CA), structural (inversion, deletion, de novo marker, Robertsonian translocation, reciprocal translocation, chromosomal variant), and single gene disorders (fragile X syndrome, maple syrup disease, spinal muscular atrophy, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, thalassemia).
Notably, there is an increased risk of infertility, spontaneous abortions, or chromosomally unbalanced offspring for carriers of Robertsonian translocation (1).
After cell-free DNA analysis became clinically available in 2011, ACOG and SMFM recommended it for women at increased risk of fetal aneuploidy, including women 35 years or older, fetuses with ultrasonographic findings indicative of an increased risk of aneuploidy, women with a history of trisomy-affected offspring, a parent carrying a balanced robertsonian translocation with an increased risk of trisomy 13 or trisomy 21, and women with positive first-trimester or second-trimester screening test results.
Embryos of robertsonian translocation carriers exhibit a mitotic interchromosomal effect that enhances genetic instability during early development.
The majority of cases (80%) are caused by the presence of an additional chromosome 13 owing to non-disjunction (usually in maternal meiosis I); ~10-20% are due to translocations, usually an unbalanced 13:14 Robertsonian translocation.
10) The translocation trisomy 21 present in Down syndrome patients can be created spontaneously de novo during gametogenesis in one of the parents or it can be inherited from parents' carrier of Robertsonian translocation or of reciprocal translocations.
Noninvasive prenatal diagnosis of a case of Down syndrome due to robertsonian translocation by massively parallel sequencing of maternal plasma DNA.
parental balanced Robertsonian translocation with increased risk of fetal trisomy 13 or trisomy 21
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis outcomes and meiotic segregation analysis of robertsonian translocation carriers.
8 per cent of a Robertsonian translocation, which is respectively 6.
The Robertsonian translocation (rob1; 29) is widely spread in commercial breeds and specially in genetic reserve of American Creole cattle.