In camel and in contrast to the situation in other ruminants, brain receives its blood supply from two sources: the proximal segment of the internal carotid arteries, which is formed from the rostral
epidural rete mirabile and the basilar and cerebrospinal arteries which are considerable size, indicating the flow of blood towards the cerebral arterial circle (circle of Willis) (Kanan, 1970; Smuts & Bezuidenhout, 1987; Ocal et al., 1999).
Earlier studies have concluded that cardiovascular regions in the central nervous system (CNS) such as rostral
ventrolateral medulla (rVLM), and paraventricular nucleus (PVN) are activated during stimulation of visceral spinal afferents that leads to an increase in the blood pressure.
The macroscopic histological features of NCM have been described as thickening of the leptomeninges by infiltrative tumour cells with predilection for the basal surface of the brain as well as the rostral
portion of the brain stem.
(1,2) Thalamoperforators arise off the posterior cerebral arteries to supply the paramedian region of the thalamus bilaterally and extend to supply a portion of the rostral
Treatment and outcome: Palatine bone displacement was reduced, and surgical fixation was achieved with an interfragmentary wire inserted through the rostral
aspect of the affected palatine bone, maxilla, and rhinotheca.
The same region presents a rostral
protuberance of the frontal bone (Frontal Protuberance - PF - Figures.
An ovoid and oblong carapace (dorsal view) folded on itself, same the rostral
spine and the future reared spines that here are present as fat digital tentacles (280 p length), at the end of the carapace.
Las fracturas de mandibula en caballos son a menudo frecuentes, esto debido a la poca proteccion que brindan los tejidos blandos en la porcion rostral
y ventral de la misma, lo que la hace susceptible a traumatismos en actividades atleticas, condiciones de manejo o temperamento (1), asi mismo por extraccion dental, estereotipias donde se atrapa la mandibula y los animales intentan retirarla de forma brusca, aunque el riesgo de fractura depende de la configuracion osea mandibular y edad del animal (2), lo que limita o impide la asimilacion y trituracion de los alimentos pudiendo llevar a grados variables de morbilidades debido a la inapetencia o la anorexia ocasionadas por el desalineamiento dental y el dolor (3).
Brain imaging performed when the children were between 6 and 10 years old revealed abnormalities in the thickness of the brain cortex of the precuneus and rostral
middle frontal region.
Cranial magnetic resonance imaging showed diffusion restriction in the left paramedian rostral
pons (Figure 1).
A large ulcerated mass was present on the rostral
portion of the mandible.
In an initial study, we obtained preliminary evidence that [AAV2.1-CNTF.sup.mCherry] transduced large numbers of neurons in the sensorimotor cortex containing CSNs projecting into the spinal cord, and after moderate thoracic T10 contusion SCI there was clear and consistent sprouting of mCherry-labelled CST axons at, and rostral
to, the lesion site .