roughness


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
click for a larger image
rough
left: rough jade
right: polished jade

rough

 (rŭf)
adj. rough·er, rough·est
1.
a. Having a surface marked by irregularities, protuberances, or ridges; not smooth: planed the board so it was no longer rough.
b. Coarse or shaggy to the touch: a rough scratchy blanket.
2.
a. Difficult to travel over or through: the rough terrain of the highlands.
b. Characterized by violent motion; turbulent: rough waters.
c. Difficult to endure or live through, especially because of harsh or inclement weather: a rough winter.
d. Unpleasant or difficult: had a rough time during the exam.
3.
a. Characterized by or done with violence or forcefulness: a sport noted for rough play; a package that received rough handling.
b. Boisterous, disorderly, or given to violence: ran with a rough crowd.
c. Characterized by violence or crime: lives in a rough neighborhood.
d. Lacking polish or finesse: rough manners.
4. Harsh to the ear: a rough raspy sound.
5. Being in a natural state: rough diamonds.
6. Not perfected, completed, or fully detailed: a rough drawing; rough carpentry.
n.
1. The surface or part of something that is uneven or coarse: felt the rough of his chin.
2.
a. Rugged overgrown terrain.
b. Sports The area of a golf hole in which the grass is left unmowed or is cut to a length longer than that of the fairway.
3.
a. A disorderly, unrefined, or unfinished state.
b. A difficult or disagreeable aspect or condition of something: observed politics in the rough when working as an intern on Capitol Hill.
4. A person given to violent or disorderly behavior; a rowdy.
tr.v. roughed, rough·ing, roughs
1.
a. To treat roughly or with physical violence: roughed up his opponent.
b. Sports To treat (an opposing player) with unnecessary roughness, often in violation of the rules: was ejected from the game for roughing the passer.
2. To prepare or indicate in an unfinished form: rough out a house plan.
adv.
In a rough manner; roughly: The engine began to run rough and faltered.
Idiom:
rough it
To live without the usual comforts and conveniences: roughed it in a small hunting shack.

[Middle English, from Old English rūh.]

rough′er n.
rough′ly adv.
rough′ness n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.roughness - a texture of a surface or edge that is not smooth but is irregular and unevenroughness - a texture of a surface or edge that is not smooth but is irregular and uneven
texture - the feel of a surface or a fabric; "the wall had a smooth texture"
scaliness - the property of being scaly
nubbiness, tweediness, coarseness - looseness or roughness in texture (as of cloth)
slub, burl, knot - soft lump or unevenness in a yarn; either an imperfection or created by design
abrasiveness, harshness, scratchiness - the roughness of a substance that causes abrasions
graininess, granularity, coarseness - the quality of being composed of relatively large particles
shagginess - roughness of nap produced by long woolly hairs
bumpiness - the texture of a surface that has many bumps
bristliness, prickliness, spininess, thorniness - the quality of being covered with prickly thorns or spines
smoothness - a texture without roughness; smooth to the touch; "admiring the slim smoothness of her thighs"; "some artists prefer the smoothness of a board"
2.roughness - the quality of being unpleasant (harsh or rough or grating) to the senses
unpleasantness - the quality of giving displeasure; "the recent unpleasantness of the weather"
gruffness, hoarseness, huskiness - a throaty harshness
3.roughness - an unpolished unrefined quality; "the crudeness of frontier dwellings depressed her"
inelegance - the quality of lacking refinement and good taste
4.roughness - used of the sea during inclement or stormy weatherroughness - used of the sea during inclement or stormy weather
storminess - the state of being stormy; "he dreaded the storminess of the North Atlantic in winter"
5.roughness - rowdy behavior
disorder - a disturbance of the peace or of public order
6.roughness - the formation of small pits in a surface as a consequence of corrosion
corroding, corrosion, erosion - erosion by chemical action
7.roughness - harsh or severe speech or behavior; "men associate the roughness of nonstandard working-class speech with masculinity"; "the roughness of her voice was a signal to keep quiet"
intensification - action that makes something stronger or more extreme

roughness

noun
Lack of smoothness or regularity:
Translations
خُشونَه
hrubost
ruhed
grófleiki

roughness

[ˈrʌfnɪs] N [of hands, surface] → aspereza f; [of sea] → agitación f, encrespamiento m; [of road] → desigualdad f; [of person] (= brusqueness) → brusquedad f; (= crudeness) → tosquedad f; (= violence) → violencia f

roughness

[ˈrʌfnɪs] n
[cloth, skin,] → rudesse f; [ground, track, surface] → rugosité f
(= coarseness) [person, manner] → rudesse f
(= violence) [person, game, treatment] → brutalité f

roughness

n
(= unevenness, of ground, path, road) → Unebenheit f; (of surface, skin, hands, cloth)Rauheit f
(= harshness, of sound) → Härte f; (of voice, tone)Rauheit f; (of wine)saurer Geschmack; (of words)Grobheit f
(= coarseness, of person) → Ungehobeltheit f; (of manners, speech)Grobheit f, → Rohheit f
(= violence, of person) → Grobheit f, → Rohheit f; (of treatment)Grobheit f, → Härte f; (of children’s game)Wildheit f; (of match, sport, work)Härte f; (of neighbourhood, manners, pub)Rauheit f

roughness

[ˈrʌfnɪs] n (of hands, surface) → ruvidità, ruvidezza; (of person, abruptness) → modi mpl bruschi; (harshness) → durezza, brutalità; (of sea) → violenza; (of road) → cattive condizioni fpl; (of terrain) → asprezza

rough

(raf) adjective
1. not smooth. Her skin felt rough.
2. uneven. a rough path.
3. harsh; unpleasant. a rough voice; She's had a rough time since her husband died.
4. noisy and violent. rough behaviour.
5. stormy. The sea was rough; rough weather.
6. not complete or exact; approximate. a rough drawing; a rough idea/estimate.
noun
1. a violent bully. a gang of roughs.
2. uneven or uncultivated ground on a golf course. I lost my ball in the rough.
ˈroughly adverb
ˈroughness noun
ˈroughage (-fidʒ) noun
substances in food, eg bran or fibre, which help digestion.
ˈroughen verb
to make or become rough. The sea roughened as the wind rose.
rough diamond
a person of fine character but rough manners.
ˌrough-and-ˈready adjective
1. not carefully made or finished, but good enough. a rough-and-ready meal.
2. (of people) friendly enough but without politeness etc.
ˌrough-and-ˈtumble noun
friendly fighting between children etc.
rough it
to live for a period of time without the comforts or conveniences of modern life. They roughed it in the jungles for two months.
rough out
to draw or explain roughly. I roughed out a diagram; He roughed out his plan.

roughness

n aspereza
References in classic literature ?
There was the kindly roughness of love, such as when Skipper gripped him by the jowl, shook him till his teeth rattled, and thrust him away with an unmistakable invitation to come back and be so shaken again.
For roughness: it is a needless cause of discontent: severity breedeth fear, but roughness breedeth hate.
As I remember them, what unprotected faces they were; their very roughness and violence made them defenceless.
He had good teeth, and something affable, when he pleased, in his smile; though naturally his countenance, as well as his air and voice, had much of roughness in it: yet he could at any time deposit this, and appear all gentleness and good-humour.
His roughness frightened her; each roughness of speech was an insult to her ear, each rough phase of his life an insult to her soul.
I only knew that at the end of, I suppose, a quarter of an hour, an odorous dampness and roughness, chilling and piercing my trouble, had made me understand that I must have thrown myself, on my face, on the ground and given way to a wildness of grief.
There had remained only a general impression of roughness and loudness; and now he scarcely ever noticed her, but to make her the object of a coarse joke.
Yet the Indians, in general, are hard riders, and, however they may value their horses, treat them with great roughness and neglect.
Neither Pierre nor any of the others spoke of what they had seen in Moscow, or of the roughness of their treatment by the French, or of the order to shoot them which had been announced to them.
At the railroad station, the crate was handled, not with deliberate roughness, but with such carelessness that it half- slipped out of a baggage-man's hands, capsized sidewise, and was caught when it was past the man's knees but before it struck the cement floor.
No," said Charmian, ignoring John Barleycorn's roughness, as so many women have learned to do.
This was Princess Myakaya, noted for her simplicity and the roughness of her manners, and nicknamed enfant terrible.