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 (ro͞o′gōs′) also ru·gous (-gəs)
adj. Biology
Having a rough, ridged, or wrinkled surface: rugose spores.

[Latin rūgōsus, from rūga, wrinkle.]

ru′gose′ly adv.
ru·gos′i·ty (-gŏs′ĭ-tē) n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈruːɡəʊs; -ɡəʊz) ,




wrinkled: rugose leaves.
[C18: from Latin rūgōsus, from rūga a wrinkle]
ˈrugosely adv
rugosity n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈru goʊs, ruˈgoʊs)

1. having wrinkles; ridged.
2. (of leaves) rough and wrinkled.
[1695–1705; < Latin rūgōsus wrinkled. See ruga, -ose1]
ru•gos′i•ty (-ˈgɒs ɪ ti) n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


- Means marked by rugae, or wrinkles, from Latin ruga, "wrinkle."
See also related terms for wrinkle.
Farlex Trivia Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.rugose - of leaves; ridged or wrinkled
phytology, botany - the branch of biology that studies plants
rough, unsmooth - having or caused by an irregular surface; "trees with rough bark"; "rough ground"; "rough skin"; "rough blankets"; "his unsmooth face"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


a. arrugado-a, lleno-a de arrugas.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
First report of the invasive rugose spiraling whitefly, Aleurodicus rugioperculatus Martin (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) from the old world.
Molar crowns square with small accessory pillars, and with slightly rugose enamel (Colbert, 1935).
They "were identified by an absence of longitudinal mantle folds, the presence of a lateral mantle frill comprised of a semi-continuous line of broad merged papillae forming a frill or flap along the mid-lateral mantle, the absence of papillae or rugose texture on the ventral mantle below the frill, and two distinctly separated frontal white spots (rather than a single simple or compound spot, or none)," the researchers said on ( Alaska Octopus Projects website.
This virus is involved in the rugose wood complex as the agent of the disorder known as Rupestris stem pitting, and some of its strains have been shown to have a very close association with specific symptoms and disorders (BOUYAHIA et al., 2005).
Diagnosis.--Body slightly elongated, 5 to 6 times the length of the pronotum; integument rugose. Head conical, the maximum width of head across the eyes almost as long as the pronotum in the males, slightly shorter in females; fastigium of vertex clearly projecting forward with a deep furrow which merges with frontal ridge sulcus, apex of fastigium rounded, fastigium 1/4 the length of pronotum and about 1/2 the length of the fastigium of G opilionoides (Table 1: FL); width of fastigium 1/3 the length of pronotum; frontal ridge low and discontinuous; frons incurved; eye large and oval; antenna fine, filiform, longer than the head and pronotum together.
Development and validation of kinetic model for enzymatic hydrolysis using Candida rugose lipase.
Lobes irregularly branched, laterally overlapped to somewhat crowded in the central parts, 6-12 mm wide, surface continuous to irregular, usually smooth in the apices, becoming rugose towards the center, sublustrous; apical zone rounded; margin smooth to slightly crenate, rarely with sublacinules, undulated.
Mantle muscular, rugose, with small, fleshy, irregular 'warts' over all surfaces (Fig.
triphylla were trilete, non-chlorophyllous, amber in colour, with slightly rugose perispore, and nearly rounded in shape, with little variation in size, 32.9 [+ or -] 1.9 x 35.2 [+ or -] 2.4 [micro]m (Fig.