of each surface (Ra) was measured using a Mitutoyo Surftest-211 surface roughness tester.
Biofilm at the interface between the plastic surface and the environment has been termed the 'Plastisphere', and although plastics are extremely resistant to decay, variability in composition determines their specific buoyancy and surface rugosity
, which will dictate the extent of microbial colonisation and their ability for long distance dispersal.
Head, in lateral view, grading from hyaline at the cervical margin to dark ferruginous brown at frontal flange; in dorsal view coloration is a patchwork of reddish brown to dark ferruginous brown corresponding with thickness of cuticular rugosity
Comparison: The cheek teeth differ from a giraffid in having fairly low rugosity
(Pilgrim, 1911; Khan et al., 2009; Bhatti et al., 2012).
TABLE 5 Temporal comparison of rugosity
index ([I.sub.H]) and standar error (EE) in four sites, Bahia Culebra, Guanacaste, Costa Rica CUADRO 5 Comparacion temporal del indice de heterogeneidad del sustrato ([I.sub.H]) y error estandar (EE) en los cuatro sitios evaluados, Bahia Culebra, Guanacaste, Costa Rica Periodo 1990's Sitio N [I.sub.H] EE Palmitas 4 1.24 0.39 Guiri-Guiri 12 1.57 0.24 Playa Blanca 8 1.16 0.19 Esmeralda 12 1.11 0.18 Periodo 2011 Sitio N [I.sub.H] EE Palmitas 4 1.15 0.12 Guiri-Guiri 20 1.57 0.19 Playa Blanca 8 1.17 0.16 Esmeralda 12 1.16 0.14 N = cantidad de transectos por sitio.
, prominence of median ribs, entostyles/ectostylids, divergent styles/stylids and narrowing of the crown neck exclude the specimen from the genus Pachyportax and make their inclusion in the genus Selenoportax (Pilgrim, 1937; Akhtar, 1992; Khan et al., 2009, 2010a).
AltMV is known to manifest a wide range of symptoms including chlorotic spotting of various size, chlorosis, chlorotic local lesions, leaf distortion and curling, mosaic, mottle, necrotic spotting of various size, necrotic ringspots, rugosity
, veinal necrosis, and interveinal yellowing (Table 2) [1, 2,12,15,17].
Most of the buildings and street materials in the two cities have the same constitutive parameters (i.e., permittivity, permeability, and rugosity
The formation of authigenic clay minerals, which is influenced by the geothermal and diagenetic fluid properties of the reservoir, affects the physical properties of the reservoir by introducing considerable micropores that impact the rugosity
, saturation, and wetting characteristics [21, 22].
They found that settlement responded to rugosity
for a variety of biofouling organisms, including diatoms, poly-chaetes, mussels, and barnacles.
Most of Pulley Ridge is a low relief, low rugosity
, rock and rubble habitat.
Inoculated plants 24 h after inoculation were deeply overgrown with septate hyphae causing moderate rugosity
over the collar epidermis (Figure 3C).