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- confuse - Originally meant "rout" or "bring to ruin."
- naufrage - An old word for shipwreck or ruin.
- defeature - The undoing or ruin of something.
- fordo - "To do away with," "to destroy, ruin."
destroy spoil ruin
If you destroy something, you cause so much damage to it that it can no longer be used or it no longer exists.
If someone or something prevents an experience from being enjoyable, don't say that they 'destroy' the experience. You say that they spoil it or ruin it.
Past participle: ruined
|Noun||1.||ruin - an irrecoverable state of devastation and destruction; "you have brought ruin on this entire family"|
|2.||ruin - a ruined building; "they explored several Roman ruins"|
|3.||ruin - the process of becoming dilapidated|
decay - the process of gradually becoming inferior
|4.||ruin - an event that results in destruction|
demolition, wipeout, destruction - an event (or the result of an event) that completely destroys something
shipwreck - an irretrievable loss; "that was the shipwreck of their romance"
|5.||ruin - failure that results in a loss of position or reputation|
failure - an event that does not accomplish its intended purpose; "the surprise party was a complete failure"
finish - the downfall of someone (as of persons on one side of a conflict); "booze will be the finish of him"; "it was a fight to the finish"
|6.||ruin - destruction achieved by causing something to be wrecked or ruined|
|Verb||1.||ruin - destroy completely; damage irreparably; "You have ruined my car by pouring sugar in the tank!"; "The tears ruined her make-up"|
devastate, lay waste to, ravage, scourge, desolate, waste - cause extensive destruction or ruin utterly; "The enemy lay waste to the countryside after the invasion"
break - find a flaw in; "break an alibi"; "break down a proof"
do a job on - destroy completely or make ugly or useless; "The dog did a job on my pillow"; "The seamstress did a job on my wedding gown"
subvert - destroy completely; "we must not let our civil liberties be subverted by the current crisis"
get - overcome or destroy; "The ice storm got my hibiscus"; "the cat got the goldfish"
devour - destroy completely; "Fire had devoured our home"
despoil, plunder, violate, spoil - destroy and strip of its possession; "The soldiers raped the beautiful country"
explode - destroy by exploding; "The enemy exploded the bridge"
consume - destroy completely; "The fire consumed the building"
shipwreck - destroy a ship; "The vessel was shipwrecked"
wash out - wear or destroy by the force of water; "The hail storms had washed out the bridges"
|2.||ruin - destroy or cause to fail; "This behavior will ruin your chances of winning the election"|
frustrate, scotch, thwart, foil, baffle, bilk, cross, spoil - hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of; "What ultimately frustrated every challenger was Ruth's amazing September surge"; "foil your opponent"
undo - cause the ruin or downfall of; "A single mistake undid the President and he had to resign"
break - cause the failure or ruin of; "His peccadilloes finally broke his marriage"; "This play will either make or break the playwright"
shipwreck - ruin utterly; "You have shipwrecked my career"
|3.||ruin - reduce to bankruptcy; "My daughter's fancy wedding is going to break me!"; "The slump in the financial markets smashed him"|
impoverish - make poor
|4.||ruin - reduce to ruins; "The country lay ruined after the war"|
|5.||ruin - deprive of virginity; "This dirty old man deflowered several young girls in the village"|
|6.||ruin - fall into ruin|
destroy keep, build, create, save, preserve, construct
spoil support, improve, restore, repair, strengthen, enhance, enrich, mend
the ruins of a castle → las ruinas or los restos de un castillo
to fall into ruin → convertirse en ruinas
the town lay or was in ruins → la ciudad estaba en ruinas
he faced the prospect of financial ruin → se enfrentaba a la posibilidad de la ruina económica or de acabar en la bancarrota
her hopes were in ruins → sus esperanzas estaban destruidas
my life/career is in ruins → mi vida/carrera está destruida or arruinada
drink will be his ruin or the ruin of him → el alcohol será su ruina or su perdición
the country has gone to ruin → el país se ha arruinado
see also rack 2
it ruined his chances of playing in the final → dio al traste con sus posibilidades de jugar en la final
look at my dress, it's ruined! → mira mi vestido, ¡está destrozado!
don't eat that now, you'll ruin your appetite → no te comas eso ahora, se te quitarán las ganas de comer
their chatter ruined my enjoyment of the concert → su charla no me dejó disfrutar del concierto
to crumble into ruin → tomber en ruine
to go to ruin → être ruiné(e)
You are ruining your health → Tu te ruines la santé.
in ruins → in rovina
to fall into ruin → cadere in rovina