rule of evidence

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Noun1.rule of evidence - (law) a rule of law whereby any alleged matter of fact that is submitted for investigation at a judicial trial is established or disproved
prescript, rule - prescribed guide for conduct or action
best evidence rule - a rule of evidence requiring that to prove the content of a writing or recording or photograph the original is required
estoppel - a rule of evidence whereby a person is barred from denying the truth of a fact that has already been settled
exclusionary rule - a rule that provides that otherwise admissible evidence cannot be used in a criminal trial if it was the result of illegal police conduct
fruit of the poisonous tree - a rule that once primary evidence is determined to have been illegally obtained any secondary evidence following from it may also not be used
hearsay rule - a rule that declares not admissible as evidence any statement other than that by a witness
parol evidence rule - a rule that oral evidence cannot be used to contradict the terms of a written contract
res ipsa loquitur - a rule of evidence whereby the negligence of an alleged wrongdoer can be inferred from the fact that the accident happened
res gestae - rule of evidence that covers words that are so closely associated with an occurrence that the words are considered part of the occurrence and as such their report does not violate the hearsay rule
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
References in periodicals archive ?
For example, Federal Rule of Evidence 404(b)(2) permits the introduction of prior-act evidence to prove "motive, opportunity, intent, preparation, plan, knowledge, identity, absence of mistake, or lack of accident.
Colonel Alley's instructions to the Working Group were that it "was to adopt each Federal Rule of Evidence verbatim, making only the necessary wording changes needed to apply it to military procedure .
For this seventh edition, the authors have included a detailed line-by-line summary analysis of Rule 502, which places new limitations on the waiver of the attorney-client privilege and work product protection and is the first new Federal Rule of Evidence in 15 years.
102, Florida Statutes, be adopted by the Supreme Court as a rule of evidence to the extent that it is procedural.
92) The court noted that, in order to be admissible under Federal Rule of Evidence 404(b), evidence of prior bad acts "must be relevant to an issue other than the defendant's character.
For example, Illinois Rule of Evidence 801(d)(1)(A), which defines a prior inconsistent statement that is not hearsay in a criminal case, incorporates most of the text of 725 ILCS 5/115-10.
The basic rule of evidence is that information can be admitted as evidence where it is relevant to a material issue in the case.
The 2nd Circuit ruled Chin's search was permissible under Federal Rule of Evidence 201, which allows a court to "take judicial notice, whether requested or not," of matters of common knowledge and facts capable of verification.
3) What would be the nature and scope of the trial court's review of those photos under Federal Rule of Evidence 403?
For example, Texas Rule of Evidence 503 dealing with the attorney-client privilege specifically includes an exception for "communication relevant to a matter of common interest between or among two or more clients if the communication was made by any of them to a lawyer retained or consulted in common, when offered in an action between or among any of the clients.
The common law purpose of trial objections is codified in Federal Rule of Evidence 103.
Federal Rule of Evidence 702 states, "if scientific, technical or other specialized knowledge will assist the trier of fact .