ruminate

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ru·mi·nate

 (ro͞o′mə-nāt′)
v. ru·mi·nat·ed, ru·mi·nat·ing, ru·mi·nates
v.intr.
1. To turn a matter over and over in the mind.
2. To chew cud.
v.tr.
To reflect on over and over again.

[Latin rūmināre, rūmināt-, from rūmen, rūmin-, throat.]

ru′mi·na′tive adj.
ru′mi·na′tive·ly adv.
ru′mi·na′tor n.

ruminate

(ˈruːmɪˌneɪt)
vb
1. (Zoology) (of ruminants) to chew (the cud)
2. (when: intr, often foll by upon, on, etc) to meditate or ponder (upon)
[C16: from Latin rūmināre to chew the cud, from rumen]
ˌrumiˈnation n
ˈruminative adj
ˈruminatively adv
ˈrumiˌnator n

ru•mi•nate

(ˈru məˌneɪt)

v. -nat•ed, -nat•ing. v.i.
1. to chew the cud, as a ruminant.
2. to meditate or muse; ponder.
v.t.
3. to chew again or over and over.
4. to meditate on; ponder.
[1525–35; < Latin rūminātus, past participle of rūminārī, rūmināre; see ruminant, -ate1]
ru`mi•na′tion, n.
ru′mi•na`tive, adj.
ru′mi•na`tor, n.

ruminate


Past participle: ruminated
Gerund: ruminating

Imperative
ruminate
ruminate
Present
I ruminate
you ruminate
he/she/it ruminates
we ruminate
you ruminate
they ruminate
Preterite
I ruminated
you ruminated
he/she/it ruminated
we ruminated
you ruminated
they ruminated
Present Continuous
I am ruminating
you are ruminating
he/she/it is ruminating
we are ruminating
you are ruminating
they are ruminating
Present Perfect
I have ruminated
you have ruminated
he/she/it has ruminated
we have ruminated
you have ruminated
they have ruminated
Past Continuous
I was ruminating
you were ruminating
he/she/it was ruminating
we were ruminating
you were ruminating
they were ruminating
Past Perfect
I had ruminated
you had ruminated
he/she/it had ruminated
we had ruminated
you had ruminated
they had ruminated
Future
I will ruminate
you will ruminate
he/she/it will ruminate
we will ruminate
you will ruminate
they will ruminate
Future Perfect
I will have ruminated
you will have ruminated
he/she/it will have ruminated
we will have ruminated
you will have ruminated
they will have ruminated
Future Continuous
I will be ruminating
you will be ruminating
he/she/it will be ruminating
we will be ruminating
you will be ruminating
they will be ruminating
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been ruminating
you have been ruminating
he/she/it has been ruminating
we have been ruminating
you have been ruminating
they have been ruminating
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been ruminating
you will have been ruminating
he/she/it will have been ruminating
we will have been ruminating
you will have been ruminating
they will have been ruminating
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been ruminating
you had been ruminating
he/she/it had been ruminating
we had been ruminating
you had been ruminating
they had been ruminating
Conditional
I would ruminate
you would ruminate
he/she/it would ruminate
we would ruminate
you would ruminate
they would ruminate
Past Conditional
I would have ruminated
you would have ruminated
he/she/it would have ruminated
we would have ruminated
you would have ruminated
they would have ruminated
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.ruminate - chew the cuds; "cows ruminate"
ruminant - any of various cud-chewing hoofed mammals having a stomach divided into four (occasionally three) compartments
eat - take in solid food; "She was eating a banana"; "What did you eat for dinner last night?"
2.ruminate - reflect deeply on a subject; "I mulled over the events of the afternoon"; "philosophers have speculated on the question of God for thousands of years"; "The scientist must stop to observe and start to excogitate"
cerebrate, cogitate, think - use or exercise the mind or one's power of reason in order to make inferences, decisions, or arrive at a solution or judgments; "I've been thinking all day and getting nowhere"
premeditate - think or reflect beforehand or in advance; "I rarely premeditate, which is a mistake"
theologise, theologize - make theoretical speculations about theology or discuss theological subjects
introspect - reflect on one's own thoughts and feelings
bethink - consider or ponder something carefully; "She bethought her of their predicament"
cogitate - consider carefully and deeply; reflect upon; turn over in one's mind
wonder, question - place in doubt or express doubtful speculation; "I wonder whether this was the right thing to do"; "she wondered whether it would snow tonight"
puzzle - be uncertain about; think about without fully understanding or being able to decide; "We puzzled over her sudden departure"
consider, study - give careful consideration to; "consider the possibility of moving"

ruminate

verb ponder, think, consider, reflect, contemplate, deliberate, muse, brood, meditate, mull over things, chew over things, cogitate, rack your brains, turn over in your mind I had time to ruminate as I drove along.

ruminate

verb
Translations
přemítatpřežvykovat
märehtiä
ruminare

ruminate

[ˈruːmɪneɪt]
A. VI (lit, fig) → rumiar
to ruminate on sthrumiar algo
B. VT (lit, fig) → rumiar

ruminate

[ˈruːmɪneɪt] vi
(= ponder) → ruminer
to ruminate on sth, to ruminate over sth, to ruminate about sth → ruminer sur qch
[animal] → ruminer

ruminate

vi (lit)wiederkäuen; (fig)grübeln (→ over, about, on über +acc)

ruminate

[ˈruːmɪˌneɪt] vi (frm) → meditare
References in classic literature ?
As he could read in it, however, no additional information or anything to lead him to believe he had spoken falsely; and as Mr Swiveller, left to his own meditations, sighed deeply, and was evidently growing maudlin on the subject of Mrs Cheggs; the dwarf soon broke up the conference and took his departure, leaving the bereaved one to his melancholy ruminations.
Such ruminations naturally produced a streak of misanthropic bitterness.
Such was the result to which Miss La Creevy's ruminations and observations led her, when the cottage had been, as she emphatically said, 'thoroughly got to rights, from the chimney- pots to the street-door scraper,' and the busy little woman had at length a moment's time to think about its inmates.
It startled him at first, but he could not help thinking of it, and in the constant rumination over it he found his only escape from the wretchedness of his present state.
And for a little while she hoped he would not talk of it, and that a silent rumination might suffice to restore him to the relish of his own smooth gruel.
There's one thing you may be sure of, Pip," said Joe, after some rumination, "namely, that lies is lies.
With that, Dunstan slammed the door behind him, and left Godfrey to that bitter rumination on his personal circumstances which was now unbroken from day to day save by the excitement of sporting, drinking, card-playing, or the rarer and less oblivious pleasure of seeing Miss Nancy Lammeter.
The petty annoyance, instead of being thrown from us, sits down beside us and becomes a sorrow, and the little offense is brooded over till, in the hot-bed of rumination, it grows into a great injury, under whose poisonous shadow springs up hatred and revenge.
There were darkies and loafers and hackmen, and also vague individuals, the loosest and blankest he had ever seen anywhere, with tufts on their chins, toothpicks in their mouths, hands in their pockets, rumination in their jaws and diamond pins in their shirt-fronts, who looked as if they had sauntered over from Pennsylvania Avenue to while away half an hour, forsaking for that interval their various slanting postures in the porticoes of the hotels and the doorways of the saloons.
It is observed that such subjective severity could activate the following coping mechanisms: a) emotional, such as sharing the experience emotionally with other people; b) behavioral such as problem-focused coping; and c) cognitive, such as intrusive and deliberate ruminations.
MANILA -- Tanghalang Ateneo, the longestrunning theater company of the Loyola Schools of the Ateneo de Manila University, will end its 36th Season: Navigating Identities this February with "Godot5: Five Ruminations on Samuel Beckett's 'En Attendant Godot'".
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