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runcinate leaf


adj. Botany
Having saw-toothed divisions directed away from the apex: runcinate leaves.

[Latin runcinātus, past participle of runcināre, to plane, from runcina, carpenter's plane, formerly taken to mean saw, alteration (influenced by runcāre, to weed, pluck) of Greek rhukanē, carpenter's plane.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈrʌnsɪnɪt; -ˌneɪt)
(Botany) (of a leaf) having a saw-toothed margin with the teeth or lobes pointing backwards
[C18: from New Latin runcīnātus, from Latin runcīnāre to plane off, from runcīna a carpenter's plane]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.runcinate - having incised margins with the lobes or teeth pointing toward the base; as dandelion leaves
rough - of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Leaves rosulate; sessile to pseudopetiolate; blades entire to lyrate, lanceolate, elliptical, obovate to spathulate, pinnately veined, margin entire to runcinate, glabrous to glabrescent above, densely pubescent beneath.
Leaves alternate; sessile to short-petiolate; blades simple to pinnately compound, with or without terminal tendrils, linear, subulate, lanceolate to ovate, pinnately to one-veined, margin entire to runcinate, sometimes revolute, glabrous to pubescent.
Leaves pinnately veined, margin entire to runcinate, glabrous to pubescent; basal leaves rosulate; pseudopetiolate; blades elliptic, obovate, oblanceolate to spathulate, entire to pinnatisect; upper leaves alternate, reduced to bracts; sessile to clasping.