rural

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ru·ral

 (ro͝or′əl)
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or characteristic of the country.
2. Of or relating to people who live in the country: rural households.
3. Of or relating to farming; agricultural.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin rūrālis, from rūs, rūr-, country; see reuə- in Indo-European roots.]

ru′ral·ly adv.
Synonyms: rural, bucolic, rustic, pastoral
These adjectives all mean of or typical of the country as distinguished from the city. Rural applies to sparsely settled or agricultural country: "I do love quiet, rural England" (George Meredith).
Bucolic is often used pejoratively or facetiously of country people or their manners: "The keenest of bucolic minds felt a whispering awe at the sight of the gentry" (George Eliot).
Rustic frequently suggests a lack of sophistication or elegance, but it may also connote artless and pleasing simplicity: "some rustic phrases which I had learned at the farmer's house" (Jonathan Swift).
The hiker slept in a charming, rustic cottage. Pastoral, which evokes the image of shepherds, sheep, and verdant countryside, suggests serenity: The train passed through pastoral landscapes.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

rural

(ˈrʊərəl)
adj
1. of, relating to, or characteristic of the country or country life
2. living in or accustomed to the country
3. (Agriculture) of, relating to, or associated with farming
[C15: via Old French from Latin rūrālis, from rūs the country]
ˈruralism n
ˈruralist n
ruˈrality n
ˈrurally adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ru•ral

(ˈrʊər əl)

adj.
1. characteristic of the country, country life, or country people; rustic.
2. living in the country.
3. of or pertaining to agriculture.
[1375–1425; < Middle French < Latin rūrālis=rūr-, s. of rūs the country, rural land + -ālis -al1]
ru′ral•ism, n.
ru′ral•ly, adv.
syn: rural and rustic are terms that refer to the country. rural is the neutral term: rural education. It is also used subjectively, usu. in a favorable sense: the charm of rural life. rustic may have either favorable or unfavorable connotations. In a derogatory sense, it means provincial, boorish, or crude; in a favorable sense, it may suggest simplicity and lack of sophistication: rustic manners.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.rural - living in or characteristic of farming or country life; "rural people"; "large rural households"; "unpaved rural roads"; "an economy that is basically rural"
urban - located in or characteristic of a city or city life; "urban property owners"; "urban affairs"; "urban manners"
2.rural - of or relating to the countryside as opposed to the city; "rural electrification"; "rural free delivery"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

rural

adjective
1. agricultural, country, farming, agrarian, upcountry, agrestic These plants grow in the more rural areas.
2. rustic, country, hick (informal, chiefly U.S. & Canad.), pastoral, bucolic, sylvan, Arcadian, countrified the old rural way of life
rustic city, town, urban, cosmopolitan
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

rural

adjective
Of or relating to the countryside:
Informal: hick.
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
ريفي، قَرَويرِيفِيّ
venkovský
landligrural
maaseudun
ruralan
sveita-, landsbyggîar-
田舎の
시골의
lauku-
podeželski
lantlig
ในชนบท
kırsaltaşraya ait
nông thôn

rural

[ˈrʊərəl] ADJrural
rural developmentdesarrollo m rural
rural planningplanificación f rural
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

rural

[ˈrʊərəl] adjrural(e)rural development ndéveloppement m ruralrural planning naménagement m rural
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

rural

adj
(= of the countryside)ländlich; poverty, crimeauf dem Land; rural landländlicher Raum; rural development programme or (US) programländliches Entwicklungsprogramm; rural workerLandarbeiter(in) m(f); rural doctorLandarzt m/-ärztin f; rural policemanDorfpolizist m; rural Englanddas ländliche England; Ireland used to be largely a rural countryIrland war früher hauptsächlich ein Agrarstaat
(= rustic) landscapebäuerlich; accentdörflich

rural

:
rural depopulation
rural deprivation
nStrukturschwäche fin ländlichen Gebieten
rural district
n (Brit Admin) → Landbezirk m
rural life
nLandleben nt
rural planning
rural population
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

rural

[ˈrʊərl] adj (gen) → rurale; (scene) → campestre; (life) → di campagna
rural depopulation → deruralizzazione f
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

rural

(ˈruərəl) adjective
of the countryside. a rural area.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

rural

رِيفِيّ venkovský landlig ländlich αγροτικός rural maaseudun rural ruralan rurale 田舎の 시골의 landelijk landlig wiejski rural сельский lantlig ในชนบท kırsal nông thôn 乡村的
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

rural

adj rural
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Historical processes include the restructuring and differentiation of economic and social space through urbanization and ruralization, the growth of state power through political centralization and military and cultural revolutions, the rise of new market structures through the expansion of commodity frontier space (e.g., captive labor/slave commodity frontier) and monetization of local Gold Coast-Asante economies, intensification of local and translocal commercial exchanges, and the institutionalization of different hierarchies of social labor and social status.
The analysis reveals that in SSA countries, the number of telephones, the level of per capita real gross product and the extent of ruralization (conversely, the degree of urbanization) are the key long-term drivers of the diffusion of the Internet.
Allegedly, "the trains could generate enough commotion to interrupt recording sessions" (Kennedy 1994, 28), a legend that complicates the studio's general ruralization by asserting its proximity to an icon of mechanical modernity.
Herbert Vilakazi, the South African theorist, is known for suggesting that ruralization may be better than urbanization for civilization.
Luis Garcia Ballester has extensively documented the ruralization and proletarization of medical practice in those parts of the country with a large morisco minority: "The morisco doctor [...] embodies the rich and complex beliefs held by moriscos and even Old Christians, because the whole population [...] had lived together for centuries" ("Academicism" 257).
Now, the ruralization of the lifestyle and living environment, the degradation of small towns and the evident trend of overconcentrating the resources in the capital city marked the urban development process in the aftermath of independence.
General factors refer to the change of national political ideology, the abrupt change of ownership (individual-collective-individual), the attitude of policy makers, the high degree of country ruralization (in 1948, 76.6% of the population was rural).