rust

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rust

 (rŭst)
n.
1.
a. Any of various powdery or scaly reddish-brown or reddish-yellow hydrated ferric oxides and hydroxides formed on iron and iron-containing materials by low-temperature oxidation in the presence of water.
b. Any of various metallic coatings, especially oxides, formed by corrosion.
c. A stain or coating resembling iron rust.
2. Deterioration, as of ability, resulting from inactivity or neglect.
3. Botany
a. Rust fungus.
b. A plant disease caused by a rust fungus, characterized by reddish or brownish spots on leaves, stems, and other parts.
4. A strong brown.
v. rust·ed, rust·ing, rusts
v.intr.
1. To become corroded.
2. To deteriorate or degenerate through inactivity or neglect: My golf game has rusted from all those years of not playing.
3. To become the color of rust.
4. Botany To develop a disease caused by a rust fungus.
v.tr.
1. To corrode or subject (a metal) to rust formation.
2. To impair or spoil, as by misuse or inactivity.
3. To color (something) a strong brown.

[Middle English, from Old English rūst; see reudh- in Indo-European roots.]

rust adj.
rust′a·ble adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

rust

(rʌst)
n
1. (Chemistry) a reddish-brown oxide coating formed on iron or steel by the action of oxygen and moisture
2. (Plant Pathology) plant pathol
a. any basidiomycetous fungus of the order Uredinales, parasitic on cereal plants, conifers, etc
b. any of various plant diseases characterized by reddish-brown discoloration of the leaves and stem, esp that caused by the rust fungi
3. (Colours)
a. a strong brown colour, sometimes with a reddish or yellowish tinge
b. (as adjective): a rust carpet.
4. any corrosive or debilitating influence, esp lack of use
vb
5. (Chemistry) to become or cause to become coated with a layer of rust
6. to deteriorate or cause to deteriorate through some debilitating influence or lack of use: he allowed his talent to rust over the years.
[Old English rūst; related to Old Saxon, Old High German rost]
ˈrustless adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

rust

(rʌst)

n.
1. the red or orange coating that forms on the surface of iron when exposed to air and moisture, consisting chiefly of ferric hydroxide and ferric oxide formed by oxidation.
2. any film or coating on metal caused by oxidation.
3. a stain resembling this coating.
4. any growth, habit, or agency tending to injure or impair the mind, abilities, etc.
5.
a. any of several diseases of plants, characterized by reddish, brownish, or black pustules on the leaves, stems, etc., caused by fungi of the order Uredinales.
b. Also called rust′ fun`gus. a fungus causing this disease.
c. any of several other diseases of unknown cause, characterized by reddish brown spots or discolorations on the affected parts.
6. reddish yellow or reddish brown.
v.i.
7. to become or grow rusty, as iron.
8. to contract rust.
9. to deteriorate or become impaired, as through inaction or disuse.
10. to become rust-colored.
v.t.
11. to affect with rust.
12. to make rust-colored.
[before 900; (n.) Old English rūst; (v.) Middle English rusten, derivative of the n.; akin to red]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

rust

(rŭst)
Noun
1. Any of the various reddish-brown oxides of iron that form on iron and many of its alloys when they are exposed to oxygen in the presence of moisture. See Note at oxidation.
2. Any of various plant diseases caused by parasitic fungi that produce reddish or brownish spots on leaves.
Verb
To become corroded or oxidized.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

rust


Past participle: rusted
Gerund: rusting

Imperative
rust
rust
Present
I rust
you rust
he/she/it rusts
we rust
you rust
they rust
Preterite
I rusted
you rusted
he/she/it rusted
we rusted
you rusted
they rusted
Present Continuous
I am rusting
you are rusting
he/she/it is rusting
we are rusting
you are rusting
they are rusting
Present Perfect
I have rusted
you have rusted
he/she/it has rusted
we have rusted
you have rusted
they have rusted
Past Continuous
I was rusting
you were rusting
he/she/it was rusting
we were rusting
you were rusting
they were rusting
Past Perfect
I had rusted
you had rusted
he/she/it had rusted
we had rusted
you had rusted
they had rusted
Future
I will rust
you will rust
he/she/it will rust
we will rust
you will rust
they will rust
Future Perfect
I will have rusted
you will have rusted
he/she/it will have rusted
we will have rusted
you will have rusted
they will have rusted
Future Continuous
I will be rusting
you will be rusting
he/she/it will be rusting
we will be rusting
you will be rusting
they will be rusting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been rusting
you have been rusting
he/she/it has been rusting
we have been rusting
you have been rusting
they have been rusting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been rusting
you will have been rusting
he/she/it will have been rusting
we will have been rusting
you will have been rusting
they will have been rusting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been rusting
you had been rusting
he/she/it had been rusting
we had been rusting
you had been rusting
they had been rusting
Conditional
I would rust
you would rust
he/she/it would rust
we would rust
you would rust
they would rust
Past Conditional
I would have rusted
you would have rusted
he/she/it would have rusted
we would have rusted
you would have rusted
they would have rusted
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.rust - a red or brown oxide coating on iron or steel caused by the action of oxygen and moisturerust - a red or brown oxide coating on iron or steel caused by the action of oxygen and moisture
goethite, gothite - a red or yellow or brown mineral; an oxide of iron that is a common constituent of rust
ferric oxide - a red oxide of iron
2.rust - a plant disease that produces a reddish-brown discoloration of leaves and stems; caused by various rust fungi
plant disease - a disease that affects plants
blister rust, white pine blister rust, white-pine rust - any of several diseases of pines caused by rust fungi of the genus Cronartium and marked by destructive invasion of bark and sapwood and producing blisters externally
3.rust - the formation of reddish-brown ferric oxides on iron by low-temperature oxidation in the presence of water
corroding, corrosion, erosion - erosion by chemical action
oxidation, oxidisation, oxidization - the process of oxidizing; the addition of oxygen to a compound with a loss of electrons; always occurs accompanied by reduction
ferric oxide - a red oxide of iron
4.rust - any of various fungi causing rust disease in plantsrust - any of various fungi causing rust disease in plants
fungus - an organism of the kingdom Fungi lacking chlorophyll and feeding on organic matter; ranging from unicellular or multicellular organisms to spore-bearing syncytia
order Uredinales, Uredinales - rust fungi: parasitic fungi causing rust in plants; sometimes placed in
aecium - fruiting body of some rust fungi bearing chains of aeciospores
aeciospore - spore of a rust fungus formed in an aecium
flax rust, flax rust fungus, Melampsora lini - fungus causing flax rust
Cronartium ribicola, blister rust - fungus causing white pine blister rust and having a complex life cycle requiring a plant of genus Ribes as alternate host
Puccinia graminis, wheat rust - rust fungus that attacks wheat
apple rust, cedar-apple rust, Gymnosporangium juniperi-virginianae - rust fungus causing rust spots on apples and pears etc
Verb1.rust - become destroyed by water, air, or a corrosive such as an acid; "The metal corroded"; "The pipes rusted"
decay, dilapidate, crumble - fall into decay or ruin; "The unoccupied house started to decay"
corrode, rust, eat - cause to deteriorate due to the action of water, air, or an acid; "The acid corroded the metal"; "The steady dripping of water rusted the metal stopper in the sink"
eat away, fret - wear away or erode
2.rust - cause to deteriorate due to the action of water, air, or an acid; "The acid corroded the metal"; "The steady dripping of water rusted the metal stopper in the sink"
damage - inflict damage upon; "The snow damaged the roof"; "She damaged the car when she hit the tree"
rust, corrode - become destroyed by water, air, or a corrosive such as an acid; "The metal corroded"; "The pipes rusted"
3.rust - become coated with oxide
oxidise, oxidize, oxidate - add oxygen to or combine with oxygen
oxidate, oxidize, oxidise - enter into a combination with oxygen or become converted into an oxide; "This metal oxidizes easily"
Adj.1.rust - of the brown color of rust
chromatic - being or having or characterized by hue
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

rust

noun
1. corrosion, oxidation a decaying tractor, red with rust
2. mildew, must, mould, rot, blight canker, rust, mildew or insect attack
3. reddish-brown, reddish, russet, coppery a pair of rust slacks
verb
1. corrode, decay, tarnish, oxidize, become rusty The bolt on the door had rusted
2. deteriorate, decline, decay, stagnate, atrophy, go stale If you rest, you rust.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
Translations
صَدأصَدَأيَصْدأ
rezrezivětzpůsobit rezivění
rustruste
زن‍ﯔ
ruosteruosteenruskearuostuaruostuttaa
hrđa
megrozsdásodikrozsdarozsdabarnarozsdásodik
ryîryîga
さび
antikorozinisaprūdijęsprastumasrūdyssaugantis nuo rūdijimo
saēst ar rūsu
roestroestenoxydatie
hrdza
rjazarjaveti
rostrosta
สนิม
paspaslanmak
rỉ

rust

[rʌst]
A. N (= action) → oxidación f; (= substance) → orín m, herrumbre f, óxido m; (= colour) → color m herrumbre or de orín (Agr) → roya f
C. VToxidar, aherrumbrar
D. CPD the Rust Belt N (US) → el cinturón industrial SUNBELT
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

rust

[ˈrʌst]
n
(on metal)rouille f
(= colour) → rouille f
virouiller
adj (also rust-coloured) → rouille invrust belt nrégion f industrielle en déclinrust bucket n (= car, boat) → tas m de rouille
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

rust

nRost m; (Bot) → Brand m; covered in rustvöllig verrostet
adj (also rust-coloured)rostfarben
vt (lit)rosten lassen
virosten; (talent)verkümmern; (brain, language)(ein)rosten

rust

:
Rust Belt
n (US) the rust˜ das Industriegebiet; the rust states of America’s industrial heartlanddie Staaten in Amerikas industriellem Zentrum
rust bucket
n (inf: = car, boat) → Rostlaube f (inf)
rust-coloured, (US) rust-colored
rust converter

rust

:
rust perforation
nDurchrosten nt
rustproof
adjrostfrei
vteinem Rostschutzverfahren unterziehen
rustproofing
n (= substance)Rostschutzmittel nt; (applied to surface etc) → Rostschutz m
rust resistant
adjnicht rostend
rust-through
nDurchrosten nt
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

rust

[rʌst]
1. nruggine f
3. vt(far) arrugginire
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

rust

(rast) noun
the reddish-brown substance which forms on iron and steel, caused by air and moisture. The car was covered with rust.
verb
to (cause to) become covered with rust. The rain has rusted the gate; There's a lot of old metal rusting in the garden.
ˈrustproof adjective
that will not (allow) rust. rustproof paint.
ˈrusty adjective
1. covered with rust. a rusty old bicycle.
2. not as good as it was because of lack of practice. My French is rusty.
ˈrustily adverb
ˈrustiness noun
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

rust

صَدَأ rez rust Rost σκουριά herrumbre, óxido ruoste rouille hrđa ruggine さび roest rust rdza ferrugem ржавчина rost สนิม pas rỉ 铁锈
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009
References in classic literature ?
"They are rusted so badly that I cannot move them at all; if I am well oiled I shall soon be all right again.
The most were masses of rust, but many were of some new metal, and still fairly sound.
"His people love to do anything in their power for their beloved Emperor, so there isn't a particle of rust on all the big castle."
The rust on the ponderous iron-work of its oaken door looked more antique than anything else in the New World.
For every sound that floats From the rust within their throats Is a groan.
At the end of the fifteenth century, the formidable gibbet which dated from 1328, was already very much dilapidated; the beams were wormeaten, the chains rusted, the pillars green with mould; the layers of hewn stone were all cracked at their joints, and grass was growing on that platform which no feet touched.
All down her sides, this spectral appearance was traced with long channels of reddened rust, while all her spars and her rigging were like the thick branches of trees furred over with hoar-frost.
Where unrecorded names and navies rust, and untold hopes and anchors rot; where in her murderous hold this frigate earth is ballasted with bones of millions of the drowned; there, in that awful water-land, there was thy most familiar home.
Nothing can be a stronger proof of the malignant quality of the air than that the rust will immediately corrode both the iron and brass if they are not carefully covered with straw.
Chains and shackles, which had been the portion of former captives, from whom active exertions to escape had been apprehended, hung rusted and empty on the walls of the prison, and in the rings of one of those sets of fetters there remained two mouldering bones, which seemed to have been once those of the human leg, as if some prisoner had been left not only to perish there, but to be consumed to a skeleton.
Mazarin opened the coffer; a knife, covered with rust, and two letters, one of which was stained with blood, alone met his gaze.
The muzzle was eaten by the rust of centuries into a ragged filigree-work, like the end of a burnt-out stove-pipe.