13] Immunohistochemistry approach has shown that the insulin receptor, insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1), protein kinase B (PKB) and insulin-sensitive glucose transporter (GLUT4) are expressed in the sensory epithelium of the human saccule
, which could explain link between diabetes and balance/hearing disorders.
When the treatment area involves the larynx, the secretory cells within the saccule
can be affected, leading to poor lubrication of the vocal folds and impairment of vibration and phonation.
The vestibular part of the membranous labyrinth consists of three semicircular canals as anterior, posterior, and horizontal, and two otoliths as utricle and saccule
; the source of the calcium carbonate crystals (otoconia) that are responsible for BPPV is the macula of the saccule
Thereafter, hashed abdominal fat combined with human fibrin sealant is injected into the middle ear cavity, remaining dissected utricle, saccule
, and cells of the petrosal apex around the IAC.
A laryngocele is an abnormal dilatation of the laryngeal saccule
The otolith organs, which consist of the utricle and saccule
, are sensitive to linear accelerations.
Helling K, Scherer H, Hausmann S, Clarke AH (2005) Otolith mass asymmetries in the utricle and saccule
The semicircular canals and the vestibule of the bony labyrinth of the temporal bone, the utriculus, saccule
, and semicircular ducts of the membranous labyrinth of the inner ear, and the vestibular division of cranial nerve VIII are responsible for balance and equilibrium.
and cochlear duct in relation to stapedotomy: A histologic temporal bone study.
Diagnosis: This species is distinguished by the following combination of character states: body size 481-514 x 348-365; translamellar line present, interrupted medially; lamellar setae thickened; sensilli long, with asymmetrically dilated, barbed head; one pair of muscle sigilla present posterior to each saccule
Sa, three pairs of muscle sigilla present posterior to each saccule
Two sacs, called the utricle and saccule
, make up the inner ear's vestibule and three fluid-filled loops, known as the semi-circular canals, detect the rotation and tilting movements of the head.
The vestibular organ is responsible for the balance and consists of the saccule
, the utricle, and three semicircular canals (3).