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1. A thistlelike Eurasian plant (Carthamus tinctorius) in the composite family, having orange flowers that produce seeds containing an oil used for cooking and in food products, cosmetics, and paints.
2. The dried flowers of this plant, formerly used as a source of yellow and orange dyes.

[Middle English saflour, from Old French safleur, from Old Italian saffiore (influenced by Old Italian fiore, flower), from Arabic 'uṣfur.]


1. (Plants) a thistle-like Eurasian annual plant, Carthamus tinctorius, having large heads of orange-yellow flowers and yielding a dye and an oil used in paints, medicines, etc: family Asteraceae (composites)
2. (Dyeing) a red dye used for cotton and for colouring foods and cosmetics, or a drug obtained from the florets of this plant
Also called: false saffron
[C16: via Dutch saffloer or German safflor from Old French saffleur, from Early Italian saffiore, of uncertain origin. Influenced by saffron, flower]


(ˈsæfˌlaʊ ər)

1. a thistlelike composite plant, Carthamus tinctorius, native to the Old World, having finely toothed leaves and large orange-red flower heads.
2. its dried florets used medicinally or as a red dyestuff.
[1575–85; < Dutch saffloer < Middle French safleur, alter. of Italian asfori < Arabic aṣfar yellow]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.safflower - thistlelike Eurasian plant widely grown for its red or orange flower heads and seeds that yield a valuable oilsafflower - thistlelike Eurasian plant widely grown for its red or orange flower heads and seeds that yield a valuable oil
safflower seed - seed of the safflower
safflower oil - oil from safflower seeds used as food as well as in medicines and paints
herb, herbaceous plant - a plant lacking a permanent woody stem; many are flowering garden plants or potherbs; some having medicinal properties; some are pests
References in periodicals archive ?
Safflower (2n = 2x = 24) is an ancient crop commonly cultivated in the warm, dry, saline conditions of the Fertile Crescent.
Growth and development of safflower genotypes was studied through field experiments executed at PMAS-Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi during 2006-2007 and 2007-2008.
Used externally, Safflower help ease muscle aches or joint pain like arthritis.
To prepare the Berbere drizzle, combine the sesame oil, safflower oil, and Berbere spice blend.
6 times and vegetable oil (sunflower, safflower or cotton) - by 2 times.
Company executives welcomed reporters to their new site to answer questions and showcase the benefits of incorporating oleosomes and proteins derived from safflower and other plant-based materials.
USA], June 16 (ANI): For a healthy heart, you may replace your food choices from meat, full-fat dairy products and coconut oil to healthier fat like olive, safflower oils, as according to a study, it can help in reduction of cholesterol levels and heart disease risk as much as statins.
As most agricultural products, safflower is harvested with high moisture content to reduce losses and the attacks of insects and microorganisms at field; thus, it must be subjected to a drying process.
Olive oil, palm oil, soybean oil, canola oil, pumpkin seed oil, corn oil, sunflower oil, safflower oil, peanut oil, grape seed oil, sesame oil, argan oil and rice bran oil are some of the commonly used edible oils across the world.
It contains safflower from Jiri Mountain, identified to improve skin tone and complexion; ginseng from Punggi, whose extract is known to be the secret to youthful skin; and goji berry from Cheongyang for radiant and glowing skin.
The findings of this study would be useful for safflower breeding program in Morocco as well as in other countries of the world.