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1. The worldwide community of Buddhist monks and nuns, and sometimes Buddhist laity.
2. A particular community of Buddhist monks and nuns, or of the monks, nuns, and laity engaged in Buddhist practice.
[Sanskrit saṃghaḥ, assemblage, community, from saṃhanti, he strikes together, puts together : sam, together; see sem- in Indo-European roots + hanti, he strikes; see gwhen- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
a. the Buddhist community
b. (in Theravada Buddhism) the monastic order
[from Sanskrit: group, congregation]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014