But if we were a Republic - you know I am an old Jacobin, sans-culotte
and terrorist - if this were a real Republic with the Convention sitting and a Committee of Public Safety attending to national business, you would all get your heads cut off.
70), Israel attempts to portray popular actors as manipulated throughout--by democratic Enlightenment leaders like Camille Desmoulins and Nicolas de Bonneville during the Bastille uprising, republican agitators in 1791, and Jacobin sectional leadership in 1793--describing the "supposedly sans-culotte
uprising" of May 31 that year as "Robespierre's putsch" (p.
Unlike the three other plays, Le bourgeois sans-culotte
-- whose title refers to Robespierre -- was written in French for the bicentennial of the 1789 Revolution.
Others, he also correctly indicates, resemble the membership of some of the sans-culotte
sections in Paris in 1793: partly middle class and partly borderline, upper-lower dass.
Like the mob at the time of the French Revolution, although hardly sans-culottes
, all easily led from behind a la Robespierre, distant camp-followers, fanatics and old proselytisers.
The rebels called themselves the sans-culottes
, literally "without knickers.
E*a ira" for the 21st century, Riley, like the sans-culottes
before him, isn't asking the rich and powerful to lend him and his friends an ear, but kindly informing them that, for their sake, now might be a good time to do so.
For the heroic sans-culottes
, the storming of the royal prison must have been a letdown,.
Hummel's doings make clear how much power and influence Germany's miniature kingdoms, dukedoms, and principalities retained in his day: how completely these petty states kept up ancien-regime habits of self-confident absolutist patronage, as if France's Jacobins and sans-culottes
had never been.
In truth, it is the middle classes, particularly the lower middle classes, who make revolutions, whether they be the sans-culottes
of Revolutionary France, or the ruined small businessmen of Weimar Germany.
This is simplistic: it ignores, for example, the massive counter-revolutionary movements supported by peasants, the independent petit-bourgeois radicalism of the sans-culottes
and the patriarchal values of many Jacobin radicals.
Time was when a classical album sleeve featured nothing more risque than a piano leg sans-culottes
or a bust of Beethoven.