Sanskrit


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San·skrit

 (săn′skrĭt′)
n.
An ancient Indic language that is the language of Hinduism and the Vedas and is the classical literary language of India.

[Sanskrit saṃskṛtam, from neuter of saṃskṛta-, perfected, refined : sam, together; see sem- in Indo-European roots + karoti, he makes; see kwer- in Indo-European roots.]

San′skrit′ist n.
Word History: Like Latin in Europe and elsewhere, Sanskrit has been used by the educated classes in India for literary and religious purposes for over two thousand years. It achieved this status partly through a standardization that resulted from a long tradition of grammatical theory and analysis. This tradition reached its height around 500 bc in the work of the grammarian Panini, who composed an intricate and complex description of the language in the form of quasi-mathematical rules reminiscent of the rules of generative grammar in modern times. The language thus codified was called saṃskṛtam, "perfected, refined" to distinguish it from prākṛtam the "natural, vulgar" speech of ordinary people. Sanskrit thus became a fixed literary language, while Prakrit continued to develop into what are now the modern spoken languages of northern and central India, such as Hindi and Bengali.

Sanskrit

(ˈsænskrɪt)
n
(Languages) an ancient language of India, the language of the Vedas, of Hinduism, and of an extensive philosophical and scientific literature dating from the beginning of the first millennium bc. It is the oldest recorded member of the Indic branch of the Indo-European family of languages; recognition of the existence of the Indo-European family arose in the 18th century from a comparison of Sanskrit with Greek and Latin. Although it is used only for religious purposes, it is one of the official languages of India
[C17: from Sanskrit samskrta perfected, literally: put together]
ˈSanskritist n

San•skrit

(ˈsæn skrɪt)

n.
the oldest extant Indo-Aryan language, retained in India in a codified, classical form as a language of literature, traditional learning, and Hinduism. Abbr.: Skt
[1610–20; < Skt saṃskṛta adorned, perfected]
San•skrit′ic, adj.
San′skrit•ist, n.

Sanskrit

1. The oldest member of the Indo-European family of languages. Its grammar was fixed before c. 400 BC.
2. An ancient language of India, considered to be sacred.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Sanskrit - (Hinduism) an ancient language of India (the language of the Vedas and of Hinduism)Sanskrit - (Hinduism) an ancient language of India (the language of the Vedas and of Hinduism); an official language of India although it is now used only for religious purposes
Hindooism, Hinduism - a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and based on a caste system; it is characterized by a belief in reincarnation, by a belief in a supreme being of many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a desire for liberation from earthly evils
Darsana - (from the Sanskrit word for `to see') one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints on the nature of reality and the release from bondage to karma
Mimamsa - (from the Sanskrit word for `reflection' or `interpretation') one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints on ritual traditions rooted in the Vedas and the Brahmanas as opposed to Vedanta which relies mostly on the Upanishads
Vedanta - (from the Sanskrit for `end of the Veda') one of six orthodox philosophical systems or viewpoints rooted in the Upanishads as opposed to Mimamsa which relies on the Vedas and Brahmanas
Veda, Vedic literature - (from the Sanskrit word for `knowledge') any of the most ancient sacred writings of Hinduism written in early Sanskrit; traditionally believed to comprise the Samhitas, the Brahmanas, the Aranyakas, and the Upanishads
Ayurveda - (Sanskrit) an ancient medical treatise summarizing the Hindu art of healing and prolonging life; sometimes regarded as a 5th Veda
Romany, Gypsy - the Indic language of the Gypsies
Urdu - the official literary language of Pakistan, closely related to Hindi; widely used in India (mostly by Moslems); written in Arabic script
Hindi - the most widely spoken of modern Indic vernaculars; spoken mostly in the north of India; along with English it is the official language of India; usually written in Devanagari script
Bihari - the Indic language spoken in Bihar (and by some people in Pakistan and Bangladesh)
Magadhan - a subfamily of Indic languages
Mahratti, Marathi - an Indic language; the state language of Maharashtra in west central India; written in the Devanagari script
Gujarati, Gujerati - the Indic language spoken by the people of India who live in Gujarat in western India
Panjabi, Punjabi - the Indic language spoken by most people in Punjab in northwestern India
Sinhala, Sinhalese, Singhalese - the Indic language spoken by the people of Sri Lanka
Indic, Indo-Aryan - a branch of the Indo-Iranian family of languages
Agni - (Sanskrit) Hindu god of fire in ancient and traditional India; one of the three chief deities of the Vedas
Asvins - (literally `possessing horses' in Sanskrit) in Hinduism the twin chariot warriors conveying Surya
optative, optative mood - a mood (as in Greek or Sanskrit) that expresses a wish or hope; expressed in English by modal verbs
Translations
sanskrt
Sanskrit
sanskriitti
sanskrt
szanszkrit
sanskrít
サンスクリット
sanskrit
Sanskritçe

Sanskrit

[ˈsænskrɪt]
A. ADJsánscrito
B. Nsánscrito m

Sanskrit

[ˈsænskrɪt] nsanskrit m

Sanskrit

adjsanskritisch
nSanskrit nt

Sanskrit

[ˌsænskrɪt] nsanscrito
References in classic literature ?
But that evening Jo fancied that Beth's eyes rested on the lively, dark face beside her with peculiar pleasure, and that she listened with intense interest to an account of some exciting cricket match, though the phrases, `caught off a tice', `stumped off his ground'', and `the leg hit for three', were as intelligible to her as Sanskrit.
Imagine, if you can, a child filled with the wonders of nature, bursting with queries and surrounded only by beasts of the jungle to whom his questionings were as strange as Sanskrit would have been.
AFTER initiating a project to prove the claim that Aryans were indigenous to India and established the Saraswati Valley civilization, the Sanskrit department of Delhi University is going to start work on a project to " fix the dates and chronology" of Vedic literature.
Vice President Ansari outlined the need for Sanskrit language as it is a very ancient language.
The volume contains a two-page foreword in English by Harekrishna Satapathy, vice-chancellor of the Rashtriya Sanskrit University in Tirupati, and an introduction paralleled in three languages: Sanskrit (pp.
To begin this explanation, some Sanskrit words need to be understood.
Sanskrit department is doing a project on Aryans and ICHR would extend help to do academic research," said Rao.
The Certificates of Honor for Sanskrit were awarded to 13 scholars, including Professor Subbarayan Peri, Dr.
With the emergence of new literary cultures in South Asia, Sanskrit commentaries inevitably began to share their functions with regional language translation.
His publisher, however, must be elated, for Taseer's third work of fiction bears much in common with the debates and discussions on Sanskrit being played across TV screens and splashed across newspapers for the last few weeks.
BJP President Rajnath Singh made a statement on July 18 that English language has hurt the Indian culture and is responsible for the limited growth of Sanskrit in the country.
As an experiment in writing a history of Sanskrit literature through the prism of slesa poetry, Extreme Poetry sketches a steady evolution of slesa use and innovation from the sixth century onwards.