TI-complexes are a novel effective nanoparticulate adjuvant and antigen delivery system, which principally differ from their prototype, ISCOMATRIX, by their polar lipid and saponin
constituents as well as their morphology.
Bui-Nguyen et al., "Paris saponin
II of Rhizoma Paridis--a novel inducer of apoptosis in human ovarian cancer cells," BioScience Trends, vol.
Soap nuts contain a substance called saponin
, which is a natural soap.
The present study was designed to investigate the anticancer potential of saponin
extracted from sea cucumber Holothuria teucospiiata alone and in combination with dacarbazine on B16F10 melanoma cell line.
For methanol, only three bioactive compounds (saponin
, tannin and glycosides) tested positive in the 1st method.
The chemical constituents and medicinal uses of this species had not been previously described until we recently investigated the anti-glioma constituents of this sea cucumber and discovered a novel saponin
moebioside A (Sap.
Keywords: 20(R)-protopanaxatriol; Ocotillol-type saponin
; Epimer; Synthesis; Crystal structure.
In addition to medical herbs, Chang said the company has farmers grow soapwort, from which natural saponin
is extracted to replace surfactants made of chemical compounds.
The formulation contains a layer comprising a hydrogen peroxide addition compound powder for producing hydrogen peroxide; a surfactant layer formed by coating an outer surface of the hydrogen peroxide addition compound layer with a liquid surfactant; a saponin
layer formed by coating an outer surface of the surfactant layer with a saponin
powder; and a sodium bicarbonate layer formed by coating an outer surface of the saponin
layer with a sodium bicarbonate powder.
Supplementation of saponin
results in an increased seminiferous tubule diameter and testis size in male broiler birds .
The determination of saponins
was performed qualitatively from the aqueous extracts and using pure saponin
as standard (Makkar et al., 2007).
It contains alkaloids, carbohydrates, steroids, protein, fixed oils, glycosides, saponin
, tannins, flavonoids, thymene, cumene, iron, lysine, starch, calcium and, essential oils like thymol, pcymene, c-terpinene.