Brazilin is the main flavonoid found in sappanwood
which its extracts have been known for various biological activities.
Cerwes Caesalpiniasappan Stem Branch/stem (Temiar); is chopped and Sappanwood
allow water to (English) drip into container.
On his arrival at Macassar, Phillips said that he was to go to Bima in Sumbawa to take on a government cargo of sappanwood
, a valuable wood from which a red dye could be obtained.
The wide range of commodities covered by the authors include precious metals, cotton, copper, labor, opium, pepper, sappanwood
, coins, gems, books, textiles, fish, rice, Bibles, and edible birds' nests.
Fabaceae Bilai hatli Biancaea sappan (L.) Todaro English: False sandalwood, Indian brazilwood, Indian redwood, Sappanwood
18 Cassia sophera L., syn.
Beauty Ingredients: Saberry, Centellin CG, Cococin, Cosmoperine, Oxyresvenox, Sabiwhite, red sandalwood, sappanwood
, tetrahydrocurcumiholds, Venocin
(19) Chinese settlements in Southeast Asia--as opposed to seasonal contacts--developed from the fifteenth century onward to serve China's growing appetite for commodities such as pepper, spices and sappanwood
. As this trade grew, Sulu's neighbours Luzon and Brunei emerged as major ports.
The principal goods traded were Sumatran pepper and Moluccan and Bandanese spices, but also included camphor and benzoin, musk, sandalwood and sappanwood
, silk, gold, silver, precious stones, tortoiseshell, and other goods, many of them brought from mainland Southeast Asia, China and Japan.
As an intermediary port in trade that passed from Melaka via the coastal ports of Java to Ternate, Bima was more than a stopping place; it had the great advantage of being able to trade its sappanwood
to Melaka and its cotton cloth to the islands of Maluku.
leaf Fabaceae/Leguminosae Caesalpinia Sappanwood
Sibokaw stem sappan L.
INCI name: Caesalpinia sappan Suggested use levels: Up to 2%, depending on the depth of color required Applications: Natural color Comments: Sappanwood
Extract from Sabinsa imparts two colors depending on the pH of the product.
There are two possible sources of that commerce: ceramics coming downriver from the north, and rare aromatic woods like sappanwood
, which came downstream from the northwest, towards Kancanaburi/Ratburi.