Proventriculotomy or ventriculotomy has been reported as an effective means for removing gastric foreign bodies in several avian species, including an ostrich (Struthio camelus), (12) a brown kiwi (Apteryx australis mantelli), (13) and a sarus crane
Others, such as the Sarus Crane
of South and South East Asia and the Red-crowned Crane of Japan are revered in their respective cultures.
To exemplify, the order of the arteries branching from the subclavian artery is the axillary, coracoid major, pectoral and intercostal arteries in the Grus americana (whooping crane) (Fisher, 1955), the axillary, pectoral, intercostal and coracoid major arteries in the Grus antigone (sarus crane
) (Glenny, 1947), and the sternoclavicular artery, axillary artery and thoracic trunk in the Eurasian bittern (Erdogan, 2012).
These include the International Union for Conservation of Nature ( IUCN) red- listed Painted Stork, Sarus Crane
, Black- Necked Stork, Black- Tailed Godwit and Black- Headed Ibis.
1947: Some Nesting Records of the Sarus Crane
in North American Zoological Parks.--Auk 64: 602615.
The landscape supports many large and wide-ranging species, especially the large mammals and birds that are characteristic of the dry forests of Indochina, such as the Asian elephant, tiger, banteng, Eld's deer, gaur, wild water buffalo, dhole and several large birds such as Sarus crane
, giant ibis, lesser adjutant, green peafowl, long-billed vulture, white-rumped vulture, and white- shouldered ibis.
According to court records, some of the endangered species were the Yellow-crowned Amazon, the Green-winged Macaw, the black-and-white ruffed lemur, the Sarus Crane
, Red-breasted Parakeet, the Toco Toucan, the Safforn Toucanet, the Serval Cat, and the red-footed tortoise.
Once abundant throughout its historic range in Southeast Asia, the sarus crane
, which is the world's tallest flying bird, also fell victim to the Indochina turmoil of the 1960s and 1970s.
"Well, doctor, I was lying in some grass looking through my binoculars at a Sarus crane
when I sensed some movement to my left and was bitten in the point of the elbow by this small cobra."
Specifically, one was in the subcutaneous tissue of the tarsometatarsus of a sarus crane
(Grus antigone) where metastasis to the liver and kidneys occurred, (11) and the other was a subcutaneous leiomyosarcoma in the left humerus-radius-ulna joint of a Eurasian crane (Grus grus) that had metastasized to the lungs.