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A historical region of northern Germany. The original home of the Saxons, it was conquered by Charlemagne in the eighth century and became a duchy after his death. Its borders were eventually extended southeastward as the region was subdivided and redivided. The dukes of Saxony became electors of the Holy Roman Empire in 1356, and in 1806 the elector was elevated to kingship but lost half his territory to Prussia in 1815. In 1871 the kingdom of Saxony became a constituent state of the German Empire.
sax·o·nyalso Sax·o·ny (săk′sə-nē)
n. pl. sax·o·nies also Sax·o·nies
1. A high-grade wool fabric originally made from the wool of sheep raised in Saxony.
2. A fine soft wool fabric similar in weave to tweed.
3. A woven carpet having a cut pile of dense erect tufts.
nGerman name: Sachsen French name: Saxe
1. (Placename) a state in E Germany, formerly part of East Germany. Pop: 4 321 000 (2003 est)
2. (Placename) a former duchy and electorate in SE and central Germany, whose territory changed greatly over the centuries
3. (Placename) (in the early Middle Ages) any territory inhabited or ruled by Saxons
1. (Textiles) a fine 3-ply yarn used for knitting and weaving
2. (Textiles) a fine woollen fabric used for coats, etc
[C19: named after Saxony, where it was produced]
sax•o•ny(ˈsæk sə ni)
1. a fine, three-ply woolen yarn.
2. a soft-finish, compact fabric for coats.
[1825–35; from Saxony]
Sax•o•ny(ˈsæk sə ni)
1. a state in E central Germany. 4,900,000; 6561 sq. mi. (16,990 sq. km). Cap.: Dresden.
2. a former state of the Weimar Republic in E central Germany. 5788 sq. mi. (14,990 sq. km). Cap.: Dresden.
3. a medieval division of N Germany with varying boundaries: extended at its height from the Rhine to E of the Elbe. German, Sachsen; French, Saxe.
Sax•o′ni•an (-ˈsoʊ ni ən) n., adj.