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n. pl. sca·le·ni (-nī, -nē)

[Late Latin scalēnus, scalene; see scalene.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(skəˈliːnəs; skeɪ-)
n, pl -ni (-naɪ)
(Anatomy) anatomy any one of the three muscles situated on each side of the neck extending from the cervical vertebrae to the first or second pair of ribs
[C18: from New Latin; see scalene]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.scalenus - any of four pairs of muscles extending from the cervical vertebrae to the second rib; involved in moving the neck and in breathing
skeletal muscle, striated muscle - a muscle that is connected at either or both ends to a bone and so move parts of the skeleton; a muscle that is characterized by transverse stripes
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The mass infiltrated to the levator scapulae muscle, as well the scalenus muscles ipsilaterally.
Parts of the scalenus medius and SCM were also resected because of tumor invasion.
(48) describes the case of DSN neuropathy in a bodybuilder whom they felt had tractioned the nerve in a hypertrophied middle scalenus muscle during exercises of neck flexion and heavy shoulder raises and lowers.
A left first rib from Cairn H displayed multiple (n [greater than or equal to] 18) coronal cuts across the attachment sites for musculature (e.g., the scalenus medius and/or serratus anterior) on the superior surface (Fig.
Careful dissection of the subclavius muscle was performed following which the scalenus anterior and scalenus medius muscles were identified and removed in piecemeal.
It is usually attached to the first rib, close to the insertion of scalenus anterior muscle (Figure-1).
* Our patient had a first rib resection, partial division of the scalenus anterior and medius muscles, and lysis of the cervical band.
Several hypotheses for the origin of the levator scapulae propose the sternocleidomastoid, trapezius, scalenus anterior, longus coli or ventrolateral muscle primordial of the neck as the embryologic derivative.
The muscle abnormalities included hypertrophy of the scalenus muscle complex, amalgamation of the scalene muscles and interdigitation of the nerve roots through the muscle.
In the differential diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome cervical disc protrusion, syringomyelia, cervical costa syndrome, scalenus anticus syndrome, De Quervain tenosynovitis and amyloid neuropathy in Rukavina type should be kept in mind [3].