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n. pl. sca·le·ni (-nī, -nē)

[Late Latin scalēnus, scalene; see scalene.]


(skəˈliːnəs; skeɪ-)
n, pl -ni (-naɪ)
(Anatomy) anatomy any one of the three muscles situated on each side of the neck extending from the cervical vertebrae to the first or second pair of ribs
[C18: from New Latin; see scalene]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.scalenus - any of four pairs of muscles extending from the cervical vertebrae to the second rib; involved in moving the neck and in breathing
skeletal muscle, striated muscle - a muscle that is connected at either or both ends to a bone and so move parts of the skeleton; a muscle that is characterized by transverse stripes
References in periodicals archive ?
48) describes the case of DSN neuropathy in a bodybuilder whom they felt had tractioned the nerve in a hypertrophied middle scalenus muscle during exercises of neck flexion and heavy shoulder raises and lowers.
It is usually attached to the first rib, close to the insertion of scalenus anterior muscle (Figure-1).
Our patient had a first rib resection, partial division of the scalenus anterior and medius muscles, and lysis of the cervical band.
Several hypotheses for the origin of the levator scapulae propose the sternocleidomastoid, trapezius, scalenus anterior, longus coli or ventrolateral muscle primordial of the neck as the embryologic derivative.
The muscle abnormalities included hypertrophy of the scalenus muscle complex, amalgamation of the scalene muscles and interdigitation of the nerve roots through the muscle.
In the differential diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome cervical disc protrusion, syringomyelia, cervical costa syndrome, scalenus anticus syndrome, De Quervain tenosynovitis and amyloid neuropathy in Rukavina type should be kept in mind [3].
The insertion of the scalenus anticus muscle on the first rib was dissected and the muscle was divided.
It blends with the parietal pleura and is reinforced by the scalenus minimus muscle.
Magnetic resonance imaging showed multilocular cystic lesion in the right supraclavicular fossa, with clavicle, subscapularis and scalenus antecus as anterior, posterior and medial limitations with preserved fat planes (Figure-1b and c.