Sighthound (a hound that hunts and pursues game by sight rather than by scent), Scenthound (a hound that hunts and pursues game by scent rather than by sight), Bloodhound (a hound that is used for tracking both by scent and blood track) (Merriam-Webster English Dictionary 2016);
As discussed above, the most difficult task for a translator in the course of translating English compounds with a hound constituent into Lithuanian or Russian is to understand whether the hound constituent in this particular word indicates the type of a scenthound dog or a sighthound dog and to translate accordingly.
An interesting case can be found in the Dictionary of hunting (1997) which translates the word deerhound as elninis Uuo in Lithuanian and [phrase omitted] in Russian--presumably, out of inability or unwillingness of the translator to identify whether the hound constituent in this particular term defines a sighthound or a scenthound.
It could be classified as a Scenthound
, and it certainly has been employed as such innumerable times put in search of game in the very diverse habitats in Africa, where it would probably not be as successful as a Sighthound; though the early ridgebacks did have Sighthound stock, and they have been successfully run in lure-coursing field trials, particularly in the United States.
The use of scenthounds
to track prey dates back to Assyrian, Babylonian and ancient Egyptian times, and was known as venery.
(such as Beagles, Bassets, Bloodhounds, etc.
In general, sighthounds, such as Greyhounds and Whippets, and scenthounds
, such as Basset Hounds, Beagles and Foxhounds, display highly-tuned predatory behaviors that have been purposefully bred into them over generations.