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n. pl. scho·li·ums or scho·li·a (-lē-ə)
1. An explanatory note or commentary, as on a Greek or Latin text.
2. A note amplifying a proof or course of reasoning, as in mathematics.

[New Latin, from Greek skholion, diminutive of skholē, lecture, school; see segh- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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Noun1.scholia - a marginal note written by a scholiast (a commentator on ancient or classical literature)
marginalia - notes written in the margin
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in classic literature ?
Gaisford, Oxford, 1814-1820; Leipzig, 1823 (with scholia: in
She focuses on fragments from the scholia majora to the Iliad, and within this a specific group of scholia, which mostly deal with Aristarchus' exegesis and interpretation of specific philological problems, rather than his edition of the Iliad.
"Scholia on Angelological Cognition." Albert Mancini.
The Nature of the Scholia on Plato's Phaedrus, SIMON FORTIER
In neon, like scholia on the centuries-old text, Harraki has added in Arabic: "There are two forms of abstinence, one general and one partial.
There are similar observations in the scholia on Homer.
By recalling this Homeric speech, questions about narrative order and the reader's experience of pleasure are raised, the second of which is defined by scholia as characteristically Greek.