Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


Any of various fishes belonging to the family Sciaenidae, which includes the drums and croakers.

[New Latin Sciaena, type genus (from Latin sciaena, a kind of sciaenid fish, from Greek skiaina, perhaps from skiā, shadow) + -id.]

sci·ae′nid adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(saɪˈiːnɪd) or


(Animals) of, relating to, or belonging to the Sciaenidae, a family of mainly tropical and subtropical marine percoid fishes that includes the drums, grunts, and croakers
(Animals) any sciaenid fish
[C19: from Latin sciaena a type of fish, from Greek skiaina]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sciaenid - widely distributed family of carnivorous percoid fishes having a large air bladder used to produce soundsciaenid - widely distributed family of carnivorous percoid fishes having a large air bladder used to produce sound
percoid, percoid fish, percoidean - any of numerous spiny-finned fishes of the order Perciformes
family Sciaenidae, Sciaenidae - warm-water marine fishes including the drums and grunts and croakers and sea trout
drumfish, drum - small to medium-sized bottom-dwelling food and game fishes of shallow coastal and fresh waters that make a drumming noise
jewfish, mulloway, Sciaena antarctica - large important food fish of Australia; almost indistinguishable from the maigre
maiger, maigre, Sciaena aquila - large European marine food fish
croaker - any of several fishes that make a croaking noise
whiting - any of several food fishes of North American coastal waters
sea trout - any of several sciaenid fishes of North American coastal waters
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
This temporal coverage resulted in greater availability of the smallest, least developed sciaenid larvae in samples taken with both mesh sizes.
For example, a genetic break found in the sciaenid Atractoscion aequidens throughout the Benguela Current Region highlights the important role of perennial Luderitz upwelling cell in the connectivity of this species (Henriques et al.
Plagioscions quamosissimus (Heckel, 1840) commonly called "corvina" or "pescada branca", is a sciaenid fish mainly found in large rivers and constitute an important resource for commercial and sport fishing (Casatti, 2003).
Among these, the most abundantly used species were herring, silver pomfret, elongated sole, sardine, mangrove red snapper, mullet, grunter, sea perch, long-rayed silver, black sea bream, hilsa, catfish, sting rays, grunts, Indian threadfin, jaw fish, cobia, croaker, sciaenid, Indian scads, oil sardine, Indian mackerels (Table I).
The onset of this development was motivated by the availability of a few productive and/or valued pelagic (i.e., Brazilian sardine, Sardinella brasiliensis) and demersal resources (i.e., pink shrimps, Farfantepenaeus spp., and sciaenid fish) over mostly shallow continental shelf areas.
The whitemouth croaker, Micropogonias furnieri occurred in this group along with other demersal sciaenid fishes (Paralonchurus brasiliensis (Steindachner, 1875), Stellifer rastrifer (Jordan, 1889), Umbrina canosai Berg, 1895, Cynoscion microlepidotus (Cuvier, 1830)).
Age and growth of South African silver Kob Argyrosomus inodorus (Sciaenid), with evidence for separate stocks.
The collective results of this study indicate that the Gulf corvina is a fast growing sciaenid fish that attains sexual maturity at a relatively small size (200 ram) and young age (2 yrs).
southeastern Atlantic coast and the northern Gulf of Mexico, two sciaenid species, the spot (Micropogonias undulatus) and Atlantic croaker (Leiostomus xanthurus), are among the most widespread and abundant fishes in shallow estuarine habitats (McErlean et al.