scientific method


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scientific method

n.
The principles and empirical processes of discovery and demonstration considered characteristic of or necessary for scientific investigation, generally involving the observation of phenomena, the formulation of a hypothesis concerning the phenomena, experimentation to test the hypothesis, and development of a conclusion that confirms, rejects, or modifies the hypothesis.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

scientific method

n
a method of investigation in which a problem is first identified and observations, experiments, or other relevant data are then used to construct or test hypotheses that purport to solve it
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

sci′entif′ic meth′od


n.
a method of research in which a problem is identified, relevant data are gathered, a hypothesis is formulated, and the hypothesis is empirically tested.
[1850–55]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.scientific method - a method of investigation involving observation and theory to test scientific hypotheses
experimental method - the use of controlled observations and measurements to test hypotheses
methodology - the system of methods followed in a particular discipline
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in classic literature ?
I say written FOR children because the new psychological business of writing ABOUT them as though they were small pills or hatched in some especially scientific method is extremely popular today.
'First accumulate a mass of Facts: and then construct a Theory.' That, I believe, is the true Scientific Method. I sat up, rubbed my eves, and began to accumulate Facts.
It was a kind of satire on Nature: it was the scientific method, the geologic method; it deposited the history of the family in a stratified record; and the antiquary could dig through it and tell by the remains of each period what changes of diet the family had introduced successively for a hundred years.
* "Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods," vol.
No, Perry; we've got to give them something better than scientific methods of killing one another."
I recognized him at once as Stanley Hopkins, a young police inspector, for whose future Holmes had high hopes, while he in turn professed the admiration and respect of a pupil for the scientific methods of the famous amateur.
The pragmatist perspective on the scientific method also challenges the assumption that has lingered for centuries that scientists are, via their method, in a privileged cultural position.
Harris proposes a research model for non-science academic disciplines that are not amenable to the scientific method (which he calls humanics).
The scientific method is used to study the nature of our world, its "truth." That truth has changed dramatically from a flat, geocentric system, to the vast universe we now perceive.
Other titles in the series include Planet Earth Science Fair Projects, Genetics and Evolution Science Fair Projects, and Weather Science Fair Projects, Each volume has an introduction explaining the scientific method and how to utilize this process to investigate a wide range of topics.
Harper distances Newton from the basic hypothetic/deductive model for scientific method that dominated much discussion by philosophers of science in the twentieth century.
If physicists were bound by the scientific method, swing theory would not even exist, because it is not grounded in scientific reasoning.

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