scleromalacia


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scleromalacia

(ˌsklɪərəʊməˈleɪʃɪə)
n
(Medicine) a thinning of the sclera (the eyeball's outer covering) which can occur as a result of rheumatoid arthritis
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References in periodicals archive ?
Similarly, patients with glaucoma, uveitis, scleromalacia, long-term contact lens use and severe dry eyes were also excluded.
Kim, "Conjunctival flap with biodegradable collagen matrix implantation for the treatment of scleromalacia after periocular surgery," Ocular Immunology and Inflammation, pp.
Furthermore, scleral thinning and perforation due to inflammatory vasculitis or scleromalacia perforans rarely occurs in patients with RA.
Scleral manifestations of the disease include an anterior scleritis which may be diffuse, nodular, necrotizing or can present as scleromalacia perforans or posterior scleritis which is uncommon.
Increasing the duration and concentration of MMC may be associated with complications like scleromalacia corneal perforation glaucoma iritis punctuate keratopathy.6 However there is 6.7% to 22.5% recurrence reported with use of intraoperative MMC in national studies.
RA manifestations examined included joint deformities/contractures (defined as loss of more than 20% of range of motion, lax collaterals, malalignment, or subluxation), radiographic evidence of joint damage, joint replacement surgeries, and extra-articular manifestations (subcutaneous nodules and ocular [keratoconjunctivitis sicca, episcleritis, scleritis, scleromalacia, or uveitis], pulmonary [pleuritis, pleural effusion, pulmonary nodules, interstitial lung disease, or pulmonary fibrosis], cardiac [pericarditis, myocarditis, valvular nodules, or coronary vasculitis], and neurologic [neuropathies, peripheral neuropathy, or mononeuritis multiplex] manifestations).
It is usually very painful, with the exception of a necrotising form known as scleromalacia perforans, which is painless and occurs in patients with longstanding rheumatoid arthritis.