sclerosis


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to sclerosis: Systemic sclerosis

scle·ro·sis

 (sklə-rō′sĭs)
n. pl. scle·ro·ses (-sēz)
1.
a. A thickening or hardening of a body part, as of an artery, especially from excessive formation of fibrous interstitial tissue.
b. A disease characterized by this thickening or hardening.
2. Botany The hardening of cells by the formation of a secondary wall and the deposition of lignin.

[Middle English sclirosis, from Medieval Latin sclīrōsis, from Greek sklērōsis, hardening, from sklēroun, to harden; see scleroma.]

sclerosis

(sklɪəˈrəʊsɪs)
n, pl -ses (-siːz)
1. (Pathology) pathol a hardening or thickening of organs, tissues, or vessels from chronic inflammation, abnormal growth of fibrous tissue, or degeneration of the myelin sheath of nerve fibres, or (esp on the inner walls of arteries) deposition of fatty plaques. Compare arteriosclerosis, atherosclerosis, multiple sclerosis
2. (Botany) the hardening of a plant cell wall or tissue by the deposition of lignin
3. a debilitating lack of progress or innovation within an institution or organization
[C14: via Medieval Latin from Greek sklērōsis a hardening]
scleˈrosal adj

scle•ro•sis

(sklɪˈroʊ sɪs)

n., pl. -ses (-sēz).
1. a hardening of a body tissue or part, or an increase of connective tissue or the like at the expense of more active tissue.
2. a hardening of a plant tissue or cell wall by thickening or becoming woody.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Medieval Latin < Greek sklḗrōsis hardening = sklērō-, variant s. of skleroûn to harden, v. derivative of sklērós hard + -sis -sis]
scle•ro′sal, adj.

sclerosis

a hardening of body tissues or other parts, as by an excessive growth of fibrous connective tissue. See also plantssclerotic, adj.
See also: Disease and Illness
a hardening of body tissues or other parts, as by an excessive growth of fibrous connective tissue. See also plants. — sclerotic, adj.
See also: Body, Human
the hardening of the cell wall of a plant, as by the formation of wood. See also body, human. — sclerotic, adj.
See also: Plants
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.sclerosis - any pathological hardening or thickening of tissue
disseminated multiple sclerosis, disseminated sclerosis, MS, multiple sclerosis - a chronic progressive nervous disorder involving loss of myelin sheath around certain nerve fibers
ALS, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Lou Gehrig's disease - thickening of tissue in the motor tracts of the lateral columns and anterior horns of the spinal cord; results in progressive muscle atrophy that starts in the limbs
arteriolosclerosis - sclerosis of the arterioles
osteosclerosis - abnormal hardening or eburnation of bone
pathology - any deviation from a healthy or normal condition
Translations

sclerosis

[sklɪˈrəʊsɪs] N (scleroses (pl)) [sklɪˈrəʊsiːz] (Med) → esclerosis f
see also multiple C

sclerosis

[skləˈrəʊsɪs] nsclérose f multiple sclerosis

sclerosis

sclerosis

[sklɪˈrəʊsɪs] n (Med) → sclerosi f

scle·ro·sis

n. esclerosis, endurecimiento progresivo de los tejidos y órganos;
Alzheimer's ______ de Alzheimer;
amyotrophic lateral ______ lateral amiotrófica;
arterial ______ arterial;
multiple ______ múltiple.

sclerosis

n esclerosis f; amyotrophic lateral — esclerosis lateral amiotrófica; multiple — esclerosis múltiple; progressive systemic — esclerosis sistémica progresiva; tuberous — esclerosis tuberosa
References in periodicals archive ?
Multiple Sclerosis for the Non-Neurologist (online access included)
Stemline Therapeutics announced that ELZONRIS was the subject of preclinical data in systemic sclerosis, an autoimmune disorder, delivered via poster presentation at the Annual European Congress of Rheumatology.
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Switzerland-based Novartis' Mayzent (siponimod) intended to treat secondary progressive multiple sclerosis with active disease, it was reported yesterday.
Keywords: Systemic sclerosis, cutaneous features, systemic features.
Local hockey players hit the ice recently to raise money to fight multiple sclerosis.
Summary: Washington DC, [USA] July 22 (ANI): A receptor known as P2X4 increases repair responses of the human body when it comes to Multiple Sclerosis.
Systemic sclerosis is a generalised disorder of connective tissue characterised by diffuse vascular lesions, fibrosis of skin and major organ systems involvement including cardiac, pulmonary and gastrointestinal system.
Hartley's (42) essay reaffirmed the pathology and clinical manifestations of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and expanded on the nursing considerations previously cited by Hummel, and Olsen (43) introduced the fund-raising and research of the ALS Foundation begun in 1971.
announced that the companies have commenced co-promotion of Biogen Japan's multiple sclerosis treatments TECFIDERA (dimethyl fumarate), TYSABRI (natalizumab, genetic recombinant) and AVONEX (interferon beta 1a, genetic recombinant) in Japan as of today.
Introduction: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an immune-mediated inflammatory/neurodegenerative disorder of human Central Nervous System leading to demyelination of axons of neurons.
The aim of this note is to assess the common clinical features of paediatric multiple sclerosis (PMS) in Pakistan.For this purpose, 150 MS patients with the age range of (1-72) years and mean age (34.2+11.09) (34.2-11.09) years were studied during the period 2010 to 2015 from MRI centers of Pakistan.
The composition of gut bacteria -- the presence of microbiota in the digestive tracks -- at a young age may contribute to the onset and further progression of multiple sclerosis (MS) disease, a new study found.