sclerotium

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scle·ro·ti·um

 (sklə-rō′shē-əm, -shəm)
n. pl. scle·ro·ti·a (-shē-ə, -shə)
A hard, dormant, multicellular structure found in certain fungi and slime molds.

[New Latin, from Greek sklērotēs, hardness, from sklēros, hard.]

scle·ro′ti·al (-rō′shē-əl, -shəl) adj.

sclerotium

(sklɪəˈrəʊʃɪəm)
n, pl -tia (-ʃɪə)
(Botany) a compact mass of hyphae, that is formed by certain fungi and gives rise to new fungal growth or spore-producing structures
[C18: from New Latin, from Greek sklēros hard]
scleˈrotioid, scleˈrotial adj

scle•ro•ti•um

(sklɪˈroʊ ʃi əm)

n., pl. -ti•a (-ʃi ə)
a vegetative, resting food-storage body in certain higher fungi, composed of a compact mass of hardened mycelia.
[1810–20; < New Latin; see sclerotic, -ium2]
scle•ro′tial (-ʃəl) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Sclerotium - form genus of sterile imperfect fungi; many form sclerotia; some cause sclerotium disease in plants
fungus genus - includes lichen genera
Mycelia Sterilia, order Mycelia Sterilia - order of imperfect fungi having no known spore stage
2.sclerotium - compact usually dark-colored mass of hardened mycelium constituting a vegetative food-storage body in various true fungi; detaches when mature and can give rise to new growth
mycelium - the vegetative part of a fungus consisting of a mass of branching threadlike hyphae
References in periodicals archive ?
Sclerotial extracts were reported to elicit immunomodulatory effects and tumor suppressor activity (Wong et al., 2009a; Wong et al., 2011a), possessed neuritogenic effects in PC12 cells (Seow et al., 2013) and dissociated cells of brain, spinal cord and retinal cells (Samberkar et al., 2015), and anti-neuroinflammatory effects in BV2 microglia (Nallathamby et al., 2016; Seow et al., 2017).
Effects of nutrient status, temperature and pH on mycelial growth, sclerotial production and germination of Rhizoctonia solani from potato.
Yarden, "Calcineurin is required for sclerotial development and pathogenicity of Sclerotinia Sclerotiorum in an oxalic acid-independent manner," Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, vol.
Various extracts including cold water extract (CWE), hot water extract (HWE), and methanol extract (ME) of the sclerotial powder of L.
Regarding to the geographic origins, significant differences were observed in radial mycelial growth, sclerotial size, sclerotial population per unit area and virulence among the isolates.
It has been also determined the link between aflatoxin production and sclerotial morphogenesis and that the two were interrelated [6].
Cheung, Immunomodulatory activities of mushroom sclerotial polysaccharides, Food.
Identification and distribution of two fungal species causing sclerotial disease on mulberry fruit in Korea.
Sclerotial cubes (4 x 4 [cm.sup.3]) sterilized in 40% sodium hypochlorite for 15 minutes and rinsed in 3 changes of sterile distilled water were sown into the substrate bags (sealed with cotton wool and rubber bands) for colonization.
The in vitro and in vivo growth, sporulation, and sclerotial production were significantly inhibited with Nostoc muscorum [30].