sclerotium


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Related to sclerotium: sclerotia, Phytophthora infestans, conidia

scle·ro·ti·um

 (sklə-rō′shē-əm, -shəm)
n. pl. scle·ro·ti·a (-shē-ə, -shə)
A hard, dormant, multicellular structure found in certain fungi and slime molds.

[New Latin, from Greek sklērotēs, hardness, from sklēros, hard.]

scle·ro′ti·al (-rō′shē-əl, -shəl) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

sclerotium

(sklɪəˈrəʊʃɪəm)
n, pl -tia (-ʃɪə)
(Botany) a compact mass of hyphae, that is formed by certain fungi and gives rise to new fungal growth or spore-producing structures
[C18: from New Latin, from Greek sklēros hard]
scleˈrotioid, scleˈrotial adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

scle•ro•ti•um

(sklɪˈroʊ ʃi əm)

n., pl. -ti•a (-ʃi ə)
a vegetative, resting food-storage body in certain higher fungi, composed of a compact mass of hardened mycelia.
[1810–20; < New Latin; see sclerotic, -ium2]
scle•ro′tial (-ʃəl) adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Sclerotium - form genus of sterile imperfect fungi; many form sclerotia; some cause sclerotium disease in plants
fungus genus - includes lichen genera
Mycelia Sterilia, order Mycelia Sterilia - order of imperfect fungi having no known spore stage
2.sclerotium - compact usually dark-colored mass of hardened mycelium constituting a vegetative food-storage body in various true fungi; detaches when mature and can give rise to new growth
mycelium - the vegetative part of a fungus consisting of a mass of branching threadlike hyphae
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Antituberculosis and phytochemical investigation of the dichloromethane extract of Pleurotus tuber-regium (Fries) Singer sclerotium. IRJP.
RAPID AND ACCURATE PCR-BASED AND BOILING DNA ISOLATION METHODOLOGY FOR SPECIFIC DETECTION OF Sclerotium cepivorum IN GARLIC (Allium sativum) CLOVES
Xanthan gum, lecithin, sclerotium gum, pullulan 0.30
The fungus produces a black structure called "sclerotium" with a thick black substance in diseased fruit (Li and Rollins, 2009).
vesicatoria, Fusarium sp., Pythium aphanidermatum, Rhizoctonia solani and Sclerotium rofsii were obtained from the Branch of Plant Pathology, Department of Plant Science and Agricultural Resources, Faculty of Agriculture, Khon Kaen University, Thailand.
Goreisan is a mixture of five herbs, including Alismatis Rhizome, Atractylodes lancea Rhizome, Polyporus Sclerotium, Poria Sclerotium, and cinnamon bark (Table 1).
Pot experiment was designed to assess the effect of southern blight pathogen Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc.
2010) and several soilborne pathogens: Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Sclerotium rolfsii, Rhizoctonia solani and Phytophthora cactorum (Fritsch et al.
Bio-Tam 2.0, formulated as a wettable powder, is used in the management of soil-borne root and collar rot diseases including, Fusarium spp., Phytophthora spp., Pythium spp., Rhizoctonia spp., Sclerotinia spp., Sclerotium rolfsii, Thielaviopsis basicola, and Verticillium spp, as well as Armillaria sp.