scopolamine


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sco·pol·a·mine

 (skə-pŏl′ə-mēn′, -mĭn)
n.
An alkaloid drug, C17H21NO4, extracted from plants such as henbane and used primarily to treat motion sickness and nausea and to dilate the pupil. Also called hyoscine.

[New Latin Scopolia, plant genus (after Giovanni Antonio Scopoli (1723-1788), Italian naturalist) + -amine.]

scopolamine

(skəˈpɒləˌmiːn; -mɪn; ˌskəʊpəˈlæmɪn)
n
(Biochemistry) a colourless viscous liquid alkaloid extracted from certain plants, such as henbane: used in preventing travel sickness and as an anticholinergic, sedative, and truth serum. Formula: C17H21NO4. Also called: hyoscine See also atropine
[C20 scopol- from New Latin scopolia Japonica Japanese belladonna (from which the alkaloid is extracted), named after G. A. Scopoli (1723–88), Italian naturalist, + amine]

sco•pol•a•mine

(skəˈpɒl əˌmin, -mɪn, ˌskoʊ pəˈlæm ɪn)

n.
a colorless, syrupy, water-soluble alkaloid, C17H21NO4, obtained from certain plants of the nightshade family, used as a sedative, antinauseant, and to dilate the pupils.
[1890–95; < New Latin Scopol(ia japonica) Japanese belladonna (genus Scopolia after German. A. Scopoli (1723–88), Italian naturalist]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.scopolamine - an alkaloid with anticholinergic effects that is used as a sedative and to treat nausea and to dilate the pupils in ophthalmic procedures; "transdermal scopolamine is used to treat motion sickness"; "someone sedated with scopolamine has difficulty lying"
alkaloid - natural bases containing nitrogen found in plants
Translations
scopolamine

scopolamine

n escopolamina, hyoscina (INN)
References in periodicals archive ?
The contaminated batch is thought to contain atropine and scopolamine, two toxins originating from datura plants.
Motion Sickness Drugs: Dimenhydrinate, Diphenhydramine, Meclizine, Promethazine, Scopolamine
atropine and scopolamine. Doctors may use atropine to dilate the eyes of patients for medical examination.
Scopolamine is an antimuscarinic agent, which means it has an effect on the central nervous system.
(6) demonstrated that intracerebroventricular (icv) microinjections of this H4 receptor agonist reversed emotional memory deficits induced by scopolamine in mice subjected to an inhibitory avoidance task (IAT), which is a model related to fear expression.
After 45 minutes of last treatment, amnesia was induced in all groups except G-I and G-III, by administration of scopolamine (10 mg/kg/p.o).
Nausea and vomiting can be controlled with anti-emetics while vestibular suppressants such as sedatives and antihistamines and scopolamine reduce vertigo.
The affinities of atropine, scopolamine, biperiden and pirenzepine, the main muscarinic receptor antagonists are shown in Table 2.
[21] Hence, the present study was carried out for the nootropic activity of EASLs on scopolamine mouse model of AD.
Also, you can try nonprescription cyclizine (Marezine[R]), dimenhydrinate (Dramamine[R]), diphenhydramine (Benadryl[R]) and meclizine (Antivert[R]) and prescription scopolamine (Scopace[R]) to prevent and treat seasickness, but they may cause drowsiness.
A post-mortem examination in the UK confirmed the cause of death as yage and scopolamine intoxication.