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n. pl. scop·u·lae (-lē′)
1. A dense brushlike tuft of hairs, as on the feet of certain spiders and insects.
2. A ciliated structure by which certain protozoans attach to a surface.

[Latin scōpula, small brush of twigs, diminutive of scōpae, branches, broom.]

scop′u·late′ (-lāt′) adj.


n, pl -las or -lae (-ˌliː)
(Zoology) a small tuft of dense hairs on the legs and chelicerae of some spiders
[C19: from Late Latin: a broom-twig, from scōpa thin twigs]
scopulate adj
References in periodicals archive ?
Their movements are erratic, and with their claw tufts and scopulae they are able to move around swiftly on the substrate.
Maxillae yellowish brown with dense black scopulae, distinctly longer than wide, medially constricted outer lateral margin without setae, somewhat narrow basally, broad apically.
Tarsal claws are bipectinated (two rows toothed like a comb) and all tarsal scopulae are divided longitudinally by a narrow row of setae .
Ventral tarsal scopulae I-II undivided, dense, III divided, distal 3/4 dense, proximal quarter sparse, IV divided, distal half dense, proximal half sparse.
Legs short, stout, anterior pair without spines; scopulae on metatarsi I-II and tarsi I-IV present, metatarsi III-IV weakly scopulated; STC of legs I and II clearly smaller than on legs III and IV (O.
Though wolf spiders lack true scopulae on their tarsal claws and thus cannot climb smooth vertical surfaces (Fuelix 1982), they can climb metal barriers to which dirt has adhered (J.
Chelicerae long and strong, orange brown with yellow erect setae scattered dorsally, broad basally, gradually narrow anteriorly; both margins with two similar teeth and dense long dark brown hairs, retromarginal teeth slightly higher than respective promarginal teeth; fangs long, strong and curved, concolour with chelicerae, having dark brown scopulae at base and few erect hairs over fangs.
Legs: Light brown to orange; all segments covered with short, fine setae; dense scopulae on tarsi and distal part of metatarsi III and IV.
Chelicerae yellowish brown, broad basally, gradually narrow anteriorly; promargin with two teeth, lower small, upper large; retromargin with one tooth higher than promarginal teeth; fangs dark brown, short, strongly curved, with scopulae at base.
Abbreviations used are as follows: ALE--anterior lateral eyes, ALS--anterior lateral spinneret, AME--anterior median eyes, AMS--major ampullate spigots, BCC--basal cymbial concavity, C--conductor, CD--copulatory duct, CO--copulatory openings, d dorsal, DCS--dorsal cymbial scopulae, E--embolus, EP--secondary epigynal pockets, FD--fertilization duct, Fe--femur, LL--lateral lobe, MA--median apophysis, MF middle field of epigyne, Mt--metatarsus, Pat+Tib--Patella+Tibia, PLE--posterior lateral eyes, PLS--posterior lateral spinneret, PMA--paramedian apophysis, PME--posterior median eyes, PMS--posterior median spinneret, pr--prolateral, rt--retrolateral, RTA - retrolateral tibial apophysis, S--spermathecae, Ta--tarsus, Tib--tibia, v--ventral, VTA--ventral tibial apophysis.