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 (skrā′pē, skrăp′ē)
A fatal neurodegenerative disease of sheep and goats caused by a prion and marked by chronic itching and loss of muscular coordination.

[From scrape (from the scraping of itching parts of the skin against objects).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Veterinary Science) a disease of sheep and goats: one of a group of diseases (including BSE in cattle) that are caused by a protein prion, and result in spongiform encephalopathy
[C20: from scrape + -ie]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈskreɪ pi, ˈskræp i)

an infectious, usu. fatal brain disease of sheep, characterized by twitching of the neck and head, grinding of the teeth, and attempts to scrape itching portions of skin.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.scrapie - a fatal disease of sheep characterized by chronic itching and loss of muscular control and progressive degeneration of the central nervous system
animal disease - a disease that typically does not affect human beings
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


[ˈskreɪpɪ] Nscrapie m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
the "prion" diseases like scrapie in sheep and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans), so he is not a novice in this area.
Exhibitors fill out and send in nomination form with photo of lambs ear with scrapie tag installed in ear (close up photo of ear so scrapie tag can be read).
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans and scrapie in small ruminants are the longest known diseases in this group, but prion diseases entered the public spotlight with the massive bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) epidemic started in 1986 in the United Kingdom, revealing the zoonotic potential of animal prions.
Both multiple sclerosis and muscular dystrophy could be found closely related to a virus-caused disease "scrapie," in sheep.
HCC believes it has overcome the main potential stumbling block for imports of EU lamb - the existence of TSEs which manifests itself as scrapie in sheep.
In humans, they comprise Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), fatal familial insomnia (FFI), kuru, Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker disease (GSS), and the recently described variably protease-sensitive prionopathy (VPSPr), whereas natural TSEs in animals include scrapie of sheep and goats, bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), and chronic wasting disease (CWD) in deer and elk.
Classical scrapie strain, for example, can be distinguished from more sensitive atypical scrapie strain based on the difference in resistance to low and high concentrations of PK [20].
(P1NKSHEETS: MEDS) said on December 13 that its CEO Thomas Ichim co-authored a research project using MRI to assess brain changes in sheep infected with scrapie (the sheep form of mad cow disease) before symptoms of the fatal brain disease appear.
The team examined the retinas of sheep infected with scrapie - a disease similar to BSE, or mad cow disease.
These funds will make it possible to continue the compulsory monitoring of TSEs and to finance BSE eradication and scrapie eradication measures.