scratchboard

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scratch·board

 (skrăch′bôrd′)
n.
A drawing board coated with white clay and a surface layer of black ink that is scratched or scraped away to produce an effect similar to engraving. Also called scraperboard.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

scratchboard

(ˈskrætʃˌbɔːd)
n
a board whose coating scraped off as a picture is etched or drawn onto it
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

scratch•board

(ˈskrætʃˌbɔrd, -ˌboʊrd)

n.
a cardboard coated with impermeable white clay and covered by a layer of ink that is scratched or scraped in patterns revealing the surface below.
[1925–30]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The works on paper range in material from graphite pencil and watercolor to india ink imprints, wax crayon, gouache, butterfly-wing collages, incised scratchboards, and paint with gum arabic.
There are many paintings, waterboards, scratchboards and so forth that haven't been seen by the public.
Scratch-Art enlivens the art world with its new product Scratchboards. This product is made up of multiple boards of various thicknesses coated with a white fine china clay.
The students had unwittingly created scratchboards. Each time a toothpick carved away a different part of the paper's surface and revealed new colors, the joy in the room was palpable.
We made our own scratchboards the previous year and sometimes students didn't scratch out enough color.
In addition to his watercolors, oils, sculptures, drawings and scratchboards, in 1974 he began making limited edition serigraphs.
Also this month, we suggest your art students "scratch the surface for art." The eye-catching art produced by eighth-graders in "Zebra Scratchboards" (page 29) should generate excitement among other students to work in this dramatic medium.
As you can see, zebras are fine subjects to use with scratchboards!
During his lifetime, he created many scratchboards, watercolors and drawings that have never been publicly seen or exhibited.
There are so many kinds of ready-made scratchboards on the market, why would a student make their own?
The lessons I wrote included Japanese 3-D Carp Fish and Lanterns for kindergarten, Korean Egg Art Paintings for first grade, Japanese Gyotaku for the second-graders, Chinese New Year Dragons for grade three, Asian Symbol Scratchboards for the fourth-graders and Sumi-e Sunrise Surprises for grade five, which I elaborate on here.
During his lifetime, he created many paintings, sculptures, scratchboards, watercolors and drawings that have never been publicly seen or exhibited.