cephalosporin

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ceph·a·lo·spo·rin

 (sĕf-ə-lə-spôr′ĭn)
n.
Any of various beta-lactam antibiotics, derived from the fungus Acremonium chrysogenum or made semisynthetically, used to treat a wide range of bacterial infections.

[New Latin Cephalosporium, former genus name (cephalo- + spora, spore; see spore) + -in.]

cephalosporin

(ˌsɛfələʊˈspɔːrɪn)
n
(Pharmacology) any of a group of broad-spectrum antibiotics obtained from fungi of the genus Cephalosporium

ceph•a•lo•spo•rin

(ˌsɛf ə loʊˈspɔr ɪn, -ˈspoʊr-)

n.
any of a group of widely used broad-spectrum antibiotics, derived from the fungus Cephalosporium acremonium.
[1950–55; < New Latin Cephalospor(ium)]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cephalosporin - one of several broad spectrum antibiotic substances obtained from fungi and related to penicillin (trade names Mefoxin)cephalosporin - one of several broad spectrum antibiotic substances obtained from fungi and related to penicillin (trade names Mefoxin); addition of side chains has produced semisynthetic antibiotics with greater antibacterial activity
antibiotic, antibiotic drug - a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that can kill microorganisms and cure bacterial infections; "when antibiotics were first discovered they were called wonder drugs"
cefadroxil, Ultracef - a cephalosporin antibiotic (trade name Ultracef)
Cefobid, cefoperazone - a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Cefobid) used for severe infections
cefotaxime, Claforan - a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Claforan) used for severe infections of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract
ceftazidime, Fortaz, Tazicef - a parenteral cephalosporin (trade names Fortaz and Tazicef) used to treat moderate infections
ceftriaxone, Rocephin - a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Rocephin) used for severe infection of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract
Ceftin, cefuroxime, Zinacef - a cephalosporin that can be given parenterally (trade name Zinacef) or orally by tablets (trade name Ceftin); indicated for infections of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract or meninges
cephalexin, Keflex, Keflin, Keftab - an oral cephalosporin (trade names Keflex and Keflin and Keftab) commonly prescribe for mild to moderately severe infections of the skin or ears or throat or lungs or urinary tract
cephalothin - a semisynthetic analogue of cephalosporin
Translations

ceph·a·lo·spo·rin

n. cefalosporina, antibiótico de espectro amplio.

cephalosporin

n cefalosporina
References in periodicals archive ?
Perioperative care--selection of prophylactic antibiotic: first- or second-generation cephalosporin.
He visited a doctor during his vacation and was prescribed antiinflammatory drugs and antimicrobial drugs, including a second-generation cephalosporin and ofloxacin.
The usual drugs prescribed for uncomplicated UTI are TMP-SMX, extended-release ciprofloxacin (Cipro), or a first- or second-generation cephalosporin.
9) Initial treatment with a second-generation cephalosporin plus a macrolide, or a fluoroquinolone alone may be associated with lower 30-day mortality compared with patients treated with a non-pseudomonal third-generation cephalosporin alone.
During this case-control study, 788 patients were evaluated in an emergency department or admitted to a hospital for treatment of hypoglycemia within 30 days of receiving a fluoroquinolone, macrolide, or second-generation cephalosporin antibiotic.