immune response

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Related to secondary immune response: primary immune response

immune response

An integrated bodily response to an antigen, in vertebrate animals including the immediate, nonspecific response of the innate immune system followed by the specific response of the adaptive immune system, which involves recognition of antigens by specific antibodies or previously sensitized lymphocytes.

immune response

(Biology) the reaction of an organism's body to foreign materials (antigens), including the production of antibodies

immune′ response`

any of the body's immunologic reactions to an antigen.

im·mune response

A response of the body to a foreign substance, called an antigen, especially a microorganism or virus that causes disease. The immune response involves the action of white blood cells called lymphocytes, which work to deactivate foreign antigens, often by stimulating the production of antibodies.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.immune response - a bodily defense reaction that recognizes an invading substance (an antigen: such as a virus or fungus or bacteria or transplanted organ) and produces antibodies specific against that antigen
response, reaction - a bodily process occurring due to the effect of some antecedent stimulus or agent; "a bad reaction to the medicine"; "his responses have slowed with age"
anamnestic reaction, anamnestic response - renewed rapid production of an antibody on the second (or subsequent) encounter with the same antigen
humoral immune response - an immune response (chiefly against bacterial invasion) that is mediated by B cells
cell-mediated immune response - an immune response (chiefly against viral or fungal invasions or transplanted tissue) that involves T cells
complement fixation - an immune response in which an antigen-antibody combination inactivates a complement (so it is unavailable to participate in a second antigen-antibody combination)
bacteria, bacterium - (microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties; taxonomy is difficult; often considered to be plants
fungus - an organism of the kingdom Fungi lacking chlorophyll and feeding on organic matter; ranging from unicellular or multicellular organisms to spore-bearing syncytia
complement - one of a series of enzymes in the blood serum that are part of the immune response

im·mune re·sponse

n. gene controlador de la respuesta inmune de las células a antígenos específicos.
References in periodicals archive ?
Any infection-related illnesses--URTI (with fever or [greater than or equal to] 2 respiratory symptoms), LRTI, fever without respiratory tract infection, tonsillitis, AOM, conjunctivitis, sinusitis, gastroenteritis (with vomiting or diarrhea), exanthema with fever, and other infection-related illnesses--during the HBoV1 primary infection or during the secondary immune response were compared with illnesses during the previous sample interval and the subsequent interval in each child.
The primary immune response is slower than the secondary immune response because there are not any existing memory cells for that specific antigen.
myelin basic protein), possibly resulting in primary and secondary immune responses seen as a difference between first-time and recurrent stroke/TIA (Janeway, Travers, Walport, & Shlomchik, 2001).

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