Several health conditions, including thyroid disease, iron deficiency anemia, and secondary syphilis
, can cause hair loss.
State-specific rates of primary and secondary syphilis
among men who have sex with men--United States, 2015.
Based on preliminary data for 2017, and data from 2013, sustained increases were observed in gonorrhea, primary and secondary syphilis
, and chlamydia.
According to the clinical features and positive blood test and biopsy results, the diagnosis of secondary syphilis
burden of primary and secondary syphilis
, the estimated proportion of cases attributable to MSM rose from 4% in 2000 to 62% in 2004.
The upsurge was driven largely by a 14% rise in cases of primary and secondary syphilis
among men, Dr.
Since reaching an all-time low in 2000, the rate of primary and secondary syphilis
has climbed steadily, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; it rose by 8% between 2003 and 2004, reaching 2.7 cases per 100,000 population.
Case reports of primary and secondary syphilis
cases for MSM, men who have sex with women only, and women were obtained from national data reported regularly by all states for 2015.
Latent syphilis defines the condition of individuals who have no clinical manifestations of primary or secondary syphilis
, but do have serologic evidence of disease (i.e., they have latent infection).
surveillance data for 2015 indicate a sharp increase in reported syphilis cases: 23,872 primary and secondary syphilis
cases were reported, for a rate of 7.5 cases per 100,000 persons, representing the highest annual number and the highest rate of reported syphilis cases in approximately 20 years and a 19% increase since 2014 (1).
(4,6) Approximately one-quarter of these patients present with lesions of both primary and secondary syphilis
at the time of diagnosis.
(1.) Ciesielski C, Tabidze I and Brown C, Transmission of primary and secondary syphilis
by oral sex-Chicago, Illinois, 1998-2002, Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 2004, 53(41): 966-968.