By taking the development of political theology as a frame, we have a proposition to divide the history of European societies into two main periods: the epoch of transcendence (from the ancient times to Enlightenment) and the epoch of secularization
(from the Enlightenment to modern times).
The wave of Secularization
which historically began after the French revolution whose main target, in my opinion, was the abolition of monarchy and elimination of the role of religion/Church, spread like wild fire across the globe and it also reached Nepal as a result of which Nepal, the only officially Hindu county in the world, was made a secular state in the current Constitution of Nepal 2015.
, which is mainly used to explain the relation between modernity and religion in European societies, (1) has become an indispensable concept in discussions of the recent democratic uprisings in the Muslim world.
Although many people fall somewhere in the mushy middle between these two tendencies, the most curious religious (and nonreligious) developments happen at the poles, shining a light on the secularization
thesis and its critics.
What the insistence of art most powerfully confronts, however, is the authority of religion; aesthetic theory is thus bound up with secularization
He posits that Christian theology is the best approach to achieve this, showing how the jurisprudence of modern law is a secularization
of theological concepts and that this has resulted in violence, and that a theological approach has precedent through the work of St.
This paper proposes a novel theory of identity choice and endogenous economic growth in which secularization
is both cause and consequence of successful economic development.
My thesis is that Francis represents an opportunity to shift Catholic discourse about secularization
, an opportunity with implications for the way we look not only at economics but at other secular phenomena as well.
Ardic organizes his book into seven chapters, within which he investigates the interplay among Islam, secularization
, the Ottomans, and the Caliphate (pp.1-141) in the modern period and then dissects the debates surrounding the (in)temporality of the Caliphate in three periods: secularization
in the caliphal center (1908-1916); colonization in the caliphal periphery (1916-1920); and the abolition of the Caliphate (1919-1924) (pp.
These processes are interrelated with the wider phenomenon of secularization
is a complex process, as it identifies changes taking place at different levels.
<![CDATA[ Is there a connection between the growing Islamic wave in the Middle East and Western secularization
? If so, what is Israel's role in this culture clash?
In his introduction Cummings appears to waver between the position that secularization
never happened and the idea that, while it happened, it is a more complicated process than has been allowed; accordingly, he seems to offer his partial history of the self alternately as an anti-secularization story and as a more complex and adequate reshaping of secularization