sedative-hypnotic drug


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Noun1.sedative-hypnotic drug - a sedative that depresses activity of the central nervous system and reduces anxiety and induces sleep
barbiturate - organic compound having powerful soporific effect; overdose can be fatal
ethchlorvynol, Placidyl - a mild sedative-hypnotic drug (trade name Placidyl)
methaqualone, Quaalude - sedative-hypnotic drug (trade name Quaalude) that is a drug of abuse
depressant, downer, sedative, sedative drug - a drug that reduces excitability and calms a person
thalidomide - a sedative and hypnotic drug; withdrawn from sale after discovered to cause severe birth defects because it inhibits angiogenesis
antianxiety agent, ataractic, ataractic agent, ataractic drug, tranquilizer, tranquilliser, tranquillizer - a drug used to reduce stress or tension without reducing mental clarity
References in periodicals archive ?
This accumulation of drug response QTLs in one chromosomal region makes it tempting to speculate that the gene(s) associated with sedative-hypnotic drug withdrawal may have effects on additional behavioral responses and would therefore be an even more important target for further investigations.
By examining Tennessee Medicaid files, they identified sedative-hypnotic drug use among 16,262 drivers 65 to 84 years old.
Sedative-hypnotic drugs are among the most commonly used medications in the United States.
About 45 percent of cases are linked to withdrawal from alcohol or sedative-hypnotic drugs, or associated with the use of certain antidepressants, including tricyclic antidepressants such as imipramine, and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) drugs such as fluoxetine, sertraline, or paroxetine.
Four: Insomnia, agitation, or delirium should not be initially treated with benzodiazepines or other sedative-hypnotic drugs due to the increased risk of falls and fractures associated with these drugs.
In athletes with TBI, preliminary data suggest avoiding anticholinergics and other anxiolytics or sedative-hypnotic drugs that may cause cognitive slowing, fatigue, or drowsiness.
The method of pentobarbital-induced sleep in mice is a classic pharmacological experiment for screening of sedative-hypnotic drugs. The differential dose of pentobarbital can affect experimental results significantly.
The risks of the sedative-hypnotic drugs include severe allergic reactions and complex sleep-related behaviors like sleep-driving.
In Canada, 13% of women versus 9% of men consume sedative-hypnotic drugs. Data from the Canadian National Population Health Survey indicate that women are more likely to experience a major depressive episode, with annual incidence rates of depression twice as high as those of men.
The psychological and physiological effects of drugs are then explored in individual chapters covering alcohol; tobacco; narcotics; sedative-hypnotic drugs; psychotherapeutic drugs; stimulants (cocaine, amphetamines, and caffeine); marijuana; and over-the-counter drugs.
Nonpharmacologic approaches are generally preferable in treating sleep disturbance among older adults because sedative-hypnotic drugs are associated with an increased risk for falls, delirium, and functional decline in hospitalized elders (Foy et al., 1995).
Study I showed that a higher level of institutionalization was significantly (p < 0.05) associated with phase-advanced sleep/wake patterns, increased amounts of time spent in bed during the 24-hour period and increased usage of prescribed sedative-hypnotic drugs. Poor sleep quality and disturbed sleep onset occurred significantly mostly in the.