Researchers working in bioscience and biotechnology, crop research, agriculture, chemistry, entomology, and other fields around the world address such topics as the influence of the soybean seed coat
upon seed infestation; the effects of soil texture and salinity on the plant-water relationship; water balance components of the soybean canopy; the characterization of soybean cultivars, and their performance in Southern Africa; the presence of deoxynivalenol in soybeans in Serbia; blight and contamination; and wheat growth for alcohol, in Bangladesh, and its composition and feeding value for poultry.
The pair noticed that the nanotubes appear to penetrate the thick seed coat
, which would allow water to enter the dry seeds more rapidly.
Scarification is the process of breaking or reducing the seed coat
so that moisture can penetrate the embryo, which can then begin to germinate.
Seed can either be pre-soaked in tepid water for a few hours before sowing to soften the hard seed coat
or the seed coat
can be nicked with a sharp pointed knife to let water in.
In day-to-day roasting operations, removable side panels and seed coat
bins ease cleaning considerably.
A ADRIENNE SAYS: Sweet peas have a hard seed coat
so soak them in tepid water overnight to encourage germination.
Khosh-Khui and Bassiri (1976) found that hard seed coat
was the principal cause for poor seed germination of myrtle's seed, and scarification with cold acid for 60 min at 20[degrees]C was the best treatment for removing dormancy.
This prevents good fibre from being ejected with leaf, stick and stem particles, seed coat
fragments and other waste that must be removed.
phaseolina within the seed coat
as ectophytic and/or endophytic sclerotia and hyphae.
Its fruits are 4-12 cm long legumes with papery pubescent valves that contain 1-9 seeds having a thick, hard seed coat
Further, seed coat
pigmentation occurs only in yellow hilum cultivars and is absent in cultivars with brown hilum (Sunada and Ito, 1982; Takahashi, 1997).
Comparison of seeds swelling, rupturing seed coat
, and developing 1st leaf in grazed vs.