Animals could be tried in royal, urban, seigniorial
, or ecclesiastical courts, (60) but as von Amira emphasizes, it was the species of the animal on the felon's dock that would determine the procedure to be followed.
Crossroads of Freedom, however, does not only focus on poor people of color, it provides a full picture through a continuing assessment of the seigniorial
And they stood for things like universal public education and against seigniorial
rights in Quebec.
Wilson then reads the Barataria episode as a dystopian version of Thomas More's Utopia, situated in an "ultra-marine 'no-place' in South America" (140), and as a satire of seigniorial
abuse of the workers in "mines, sugar cane mills and plantations of the New World" (154).
Arriving to Ixsir winery, one is greeted by a 17th century seigniorial
house surrounded by lush gardens and vineyards underneath which are three floors dedicated to winemaking and storage cellars.
Although Dowell fails to recognize that purchasing Branshaw Manor, rather than inheriting it, entitles him to its occupancy but also disentitles him from the seigniorial
role, at the end of the novel he does acknowledge his isolation:
There were also defined the seigniorial
and manorial rights of the lord over the peasant.13
and degrading labor relations thus became part of the missionary project--a goal additionally compelling since most Protestant congregants came from the laboring classes.
The crown courts in that time exercised jurisdiction alongside seigniorial
courts, as the federal courts exercise jurisdiction alongside state courts.
The source explored in this article, however, although truncated, is one of the few expense books left by a Portuguese seigniorial
house for this period, covering the years between 1500 and 1502.