Such people are called self-deceivers
, and are supposed to have had to go through some more or less elaborate process of concealing from themselves what would otherwise have been obvious.
His final explanatory model could be understood as a moderate version of intentionalism: a self-deceiver
tacitly allows room for thoughts that run counter to his ethical beliefs, even if this potentially undermines his integrity.
However, a self-deceiver
typically believes that p "in the teeth" of strong evidence against p.
In this case, it leads to a distortion of reality, which becomes harmful for the self-deceiver
who is interested in the welfare of his son.
Note that, existentially, such an individual does not 'have' self-deception as a 'quality' of his mind, He is a willful self-deceiver
in his most intimate moments and, ontologically, in his relations with himself and the world.
We must ask the question: was this woman a saint or was she a self-deceiver
, a religious hysteric in the ecclesiastical sense?
thus fails to make a high enough estimate of how much his or her anxious desire that something be the case contributes to the reason why he or she believes something else.
Self-deception is a different matter; a self-deceiver
is described as pulling the wool over her own eyes precisely by ignoring her inner voice.
There is little disputing that a self-deceiver
is motivated to hold a belief that promises to realize an idealized self: one that can sustain a self's beliefs through the vicissitudes of action.
But he's more of a serial self-deceiver
, a strongman from the provinces surrounded by tremulous yes-men who fear giving him bad news.
If there is any consolation in this tale, it is that the United States was not the worst self-deceiver
It is necessary for supporters of this model to work out a strategy that avoids the ascription of inconsistency to the self-deceiver
in order to fulfill the requirements of the charity principle.