In "Menagerie," through his many literary jokes and self-reflexive
techniques, Johnson calls attention to himself as the creator of the pet store world in which Berkeley participates.
Daruwalla just leaves us in the ambience of certain musings rich in self-reflexive
history, anthropology, politics, arts, nature, and, above all, lives - his own, mostly, among others' - seeking a little grace, dignity.
Among the events the narrator describes are a self-reflexive
encounter with the ghost of the hit man's mother, a trip to a thrift shop to buy dead people's clothes, a sinister attempt by the hit man to feed her hellish food: sweet and succulent marrow.
Pieroth had borrowed the wall label for the Mona Lisa from the Louvre in order to show it in London as an unassisted readymade, using this self-reflexive
gesture to reenact the paradigmatic shift from work to frame (to borrow Craig Owens's phrase) established in Conceptual art in the late '60s.
Notable is his suggestion that Gide's equation of Narcissus with autobiographical activity (now a commonplace in criticism of self-reflexive
writing) is a 'banalisation' of the mythological figure: Gaubert invites us to compare Gide's use of Prometheus and Theseus as metaphors of himself with Valery's vision of Narcissus as a foundation myth, distant and beyond deployment as a literary character.
James's own book, Nielsen demonstrates, cannot contain his text because it "operates similarly at the boundaries of Western discourse" and emulates Melville's own "sense of unending," as does Charles Olson's Call Me Ishmael, a kindred text of self-reflexive
These poems are also quite self-reflexive
, in that they refer to themselves, to the act of poetic utterance and the significance of words in what is construed to be a vast, possibly empty, universe.
Debord's On the Passage (whether Godard or anyone else in the Nouvelle Vague knew about it) is a compendium of metacinematic tropes exceeding those often assumed to have originated with the French New Wave: the inclusion of slates as a distancing device, critical interventions in the form of intertitles, visual breakdowns of still photographs, self-reflexive
voice-over critique, the blurring of the line between documentary and fiction, clear leader with voice-over and black leader with silence, the cutting of TV commercials and newsreels against staged sequences, the creation of a critical urban psychogeography, the deliberate inclusion of bad takes, and so on.
The study shifts from Classical rhetoric and the visual arts (especially the device of ecphrasis), via Enlightenment sensibility and Romantic relation of Italy to self, to a consideration of contemporary Italian journeys in which the country becomes self-reflexive
emblem of artistic creation.
The somewhat presentist assumptions underlying The Word in Black and White, which are related to Nelson's grounding of the book as a response to contemporary racism, make the study interestingly, and courageously, self-reflexive
. While an expose of the racist elements in pre-twentieth-century literature might seem, from a 1990s perspective, rather like shooting fish in a barrel, Nelson's admission in the preface of her own complicity in American racism invites a critique of her own book that resembles her critique of previous "white" writers.
In any case, the work generates a high degree of tension, as it becomes radically intransitive and self-reflexive
I would go so far as to say that the film qualifies him as a practitioner of institutional critique, one who examines the constraints and possibilities that confront artists in the music business in an entertainingly self-reflexive