semantic role


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Noun1.semantic role - (linguistics) the underlying relation that a constituent has with the main verb in a clause
linguistics - the scientific study of language
grammatical category, syntactic category - (grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties
affected role, patient role, patient - the semantic role of an entity that is not the agent but is directly involved in or affected by the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
agentive role, agent - the semantic role of the animate entity that instigates or causes the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
benefactive role, beneficiary - the semantic role of the intended recipient who benefits from the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
instrumental role, instrument - the semantic role of the entity (usually inanimate) that the agent uses to perform an action or start a process
locative, locative role - the semantic role of the noun phrase that designates the place of the state or action denoted by the verb
recipient role, recipient - the semantic role of the animate entity that is passively involved in the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
resultant role, result - the semantic role of the noun phrase whose referent exists only by virtue of the activity denoted by the verb in the clause
temporal, temporal role - the semantic role of the noun phrase that designates the time of the state or action denoted by the verb
References in periodicals archive ?
Section 2 analyses related approaches, the main attention is paid to Semantic Role Labeling, Frame-Semantic Parsing, and Abstract Meaning Representation.
This method does not conduct the detailed analysis of the whole sentence semantics, but some sentence in semantic role labeling for a given verb, these components are endowed with certain semantic meaning, and as part of the framework of the verb.
It addresses what a preconception is, how our preconception of the gods can be called innata (innate), the role played by epibolai (active mental focusing), and how preconceptions play a semantic role different from that of sayables in Stoicism.
Second, they use Semantic Role Labeling [4] to get semantic roles of arguments of an event trigger represented by either verb or noun.
The topics include the recovery of the ancient Hebrew language, the limits of usefulness of Semitic etymology in a biblical Hebrew lexicon, the interplay between Hebrew and Greek in biblical lexicography, the dynamic semantic role of etymology in the meaning of Greek biblical words, aspects of polysemy in biblical Greek, and the lexicon of Samaritan Hebrew according to the Samaritan Pentateuch tradition.
As Langacker (2008) further continues, in this model we can distinguish the semantic role of an agent, patient, instrument and locative.
and just in the middle of the continuum fails the first location argument of predicate' (x, y), which in the case of the logical structure configuration BECOME be-LOC' (x, y)" is assigned the semantic role goal.
In general, it is not clear why the author needs the term "semantic subject" when at the same time she operates with the notion of a semantic role.
Here, perspective plays a semantic role with respect to the proposition expressed by sentences with taste predicates or epistemic modals.
interpret the semantic role expressed by a case marker)
Following is the procedure used for semantic role labelling of English constraints:
Continuing the contrast between affluent Americans and poor Mexicans, a common semantic role in the journal was that of possessor: one who has or lacks possessions.

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