semiconsonant


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semiconsonant

(ˌsɛmɪˈkɒnsənənt)
n
(Linguistics) linguistics another name for semivowel
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
(11.) The <-i-> of "aria" is functionally a semiconsonant in a falling diphthong--a vowel only orthographically--and is thus extraneous to the present discussion.
The initial affricate /d3/ is pronounced with the semiconsonant /j/, in judo [[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.]] and optionally /d3/ in jazz [d3as, jas] , jumbo [[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.]] , discjockey [[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.]].
The glide [j] is considered a semivowel or a semiconsonant; it is never considered a separate vowel with its own syllable.
* <i> used for both syllabic vowel [i] and semiconsonant [j] (iam, cuius)
The term semiconsonant is usually employed in onset, when a glide [j],[w], or [y] begins a syllable, as in "year," "want" / "Jahr" / "ouest," or is the last element in an onset cluster: "nuit" / "piu," "quando," etc.
Only English makes use of /j/ in this position, while German employs /j/ only in simple onset, as a semiconsonant. Nor does /w/ exist in German as a second element.
Rising diphthongs are also essentially pure syllabic vowels in musical settings, with no duration allotted to the initial semiconsonant. Thus categories 5-7 were disregarded in the process of inspecting scores.
but not when a semiconsonant, unflagged in the orthography, intervenes:
The syllable is normally divided into onset (consonant, consonant cluster, semiconsonant, or nonexistent), nucleus (syllabic vowel or, rarely, vocal consonant), and coda (consonant, consonant cluster, or semivowel).
Ellingboe chooses to use a semiconsonant /j/ as the second element in the first four diphthongs.
Diphthongs predominate over pure vowels in English open syllables, while French CV syllables are either pure vowels (trou) or vowel + semiconsonant (soleil).