(11.) The <-i-> of "aria" is functionally a semiconsonant
in a falling diphthong--a vowel only orthographically--and is thus extraneous to the present discussion.
The initial affricate /d3/ is pronounced with the semiconsonant
/j/, in judo [[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.]] and optionally /d3/ in jazz [d3as, jas] , jumbo [[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.]] , discjockey [[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.]].
The glide [j] is considered a semivowel or a semiconsonant
; it is never considered a separate vowel with its own syllable.
* <i> used for both syllabic vowel [i] and semiconsonant
[j] (iam, cuius)
The term semiconsonant
is usually employed in onset, when a glide [j],[w], or [y] begins a syllable, as in "year," "want" / "Jahr" / "ouest," or is the last element in an onset cluster: "nuit" / "piu," "quando," etc.
Only English makes use of /j/ in this position, while German employs /j/ only in simple onset, as a semiconsonant
. Nor does /w/ exist in German as a second element.
Rising diphthongs are also essentially pure syllabic vowels in musical settings, with no duration allotted to the initial semiconsonant
. Thus categories 5-7 were disregarded in the process of inspecting scores.
but not when a semiconsonant
, unflagged in the orthography, intervenes:
The syllable is normally divided into onset (consonant, consonant cluster, semiconsonant
, or nonexistent), nucleus (syllabic vowel or, rarely, vocal consonant), and coda (consonant, consonant cluster, or semivowel).
Ellingboe chooses to use a semiconsonant
/j/ as the second element in the first four diphthongs.
Diphthongs predominate over pure vowels in English open syllables, while French CV syllables are either pure vowels (trou) or vowel + semiconsonant