semitone


Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

sem·i·tone

 (sĕm′ē-tōn′, sĕm′ī-)
n. Music
An interval equal to a half tone in the standard diatonic scale. Also called half step, halftone.

sem′i·to′nal adj.
sem′i·to′nal·ly adv.

semitone

(ˈsɛmɪˌtəʊn)
n
(Music, other) an interval corresponding to a frequency difference of 100 cents as measured in the system of equal temperament, and denoting the pitch difference between certain adjacent degrees of the diatonic scale (diatonic semitone) or between one note and its sharpened or flattened equivalent (chromatic semitone); minor second. Also called (US and Canadian): half step Compare whole tone
semitonic adj
ˌsemiˈtonally adv

sem•i•tone

(ˈsɛm iˌtoʊn, ˈsɛm aɪ-)

n.
a musical pitch halfway between two whole tones.
[1600–10]
sem`i•ton′al, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.semitone - the musical interval between adjacent keys on a keyboard instrument
musical interval, interval - the difference in pitch between two notes
Translations
نِصْف دَرَجَة في السُّلَّم الموسيقي
půltón
halvtone
félhang
hálftónn
pustonis
pustonis
poltón
yarım ton

semitone

[ˈsemɪtəʊn] Nsemitono m

semitone

[ˈsɛmitəʊn] n (MUSIC)demi-ton m

semitone

[ˈsɛmɪˌtəʊn] n (Mus) → semitono

semitone

(ˈsemitəun) noun
half a tone in the musical scale. F sharp is a semitone above F natural.
References in periodicals archive ?
Try chromatic patterns: start with small semitone patterns and proceed to complete chromatic scales, or more.
The exceptions are: timpani notation and carryover of accidentals, which can produce semitone errors; natural harmonics notated at lingered pitch, which can produce errors of a few large intervals; baritone horn and euphonium clef dependencies, which can produce errors of a major ninth; and scordatura and scores in C, which can lead to errors of almost any range.
The Eye of Fire , its sequence of movements based on yoga positions, proved a fascinating half-hour of music for prepared piano (including a chain dragged across the strings and tabla-like drumming on various parts of the interior) and quartet, with the viola tuned a semitone lower.
As this new diatonic scale now contains C20 semitone scale steps, I thought it reasonable to assume that the base tone of the "diminished triad" (at the top of the connected shape in the above diagram) would act as a leading tone onto the tonic.
Junghanel is a semitone lower and uses a female alto or tenor as appropriate.
Boyd makes interesting conjectures regarding the family resemblance of themes - arpeggiated triads and oscillating semitone figures.
As the length of cord in sopranos is generally about half an inch (it is slightly more in the bigger calibers) and assuming her compass to be thirty-two notes (semitones) from b flat, below middle c to f, five semitones above high c, we are dividing this half-inch vibrator into thirty-two equal degrees or grades, one for each semitone.
The dark, heavy timbre of mezzo Clare Bartram and the light, clear, almost child-like soprano of Pamela Davies were too much of a contrast for my taste, especially in the Agnus Dei, and an otherwise decent performance by Miss Davies ended, in the final Requiem , with a feline yowl the best part of a semitone sharp.
The piano now reverses its downward arpeggio, ascending through the octatonic collection, but, upon arriving at the D[MUSCAL NOTES NOT REPRODUCIBLE], it advances by a jarring semitone to B[MUSCAL NOTES NOT REPRODUCIBLE] This motion is disturbing because it violates the harmony, but also because it overturns the melodic precedents.
xvi): thus, in modes 1 and 7 even clearly cadential patterns will seem to require the 'leading note' to be a full tone below the 'tonic', rather than to be sharpened to make a semitone progression.
Starting from a low note, seven pure octaves should equal twelve pure fifths, but they are actually off by about a semitone, making some kind of temperament, or adjustment in tuning, necessary.