Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


 (sēn-yôr′ĭ-tē, -yŏr′-)
1. The state of being older than another or others or higher in rank than another or others.
2. Precedence of position, especially precedence over others of the same rank by reason of a longer span of service.


n, pl -ties
1. the state of being senior
2. precedence in rank, etc, due to senior status


(sinˈyɔr ɪ ti, -ˈyɒr-)

n., pl. -ties.
1. the state of being senior; superior age.
2. precedence or status obtained as the result of a person's length of service.
[1400–50; < Medieval Latin seniōritās]


 seniors or senior Fellows of a college, 1678.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.seniority - higher rank than that of others especially by reason of longer serviceseniority - higher rank than that of others especially by reason of longer service
high status - a position of superior status
2.seniority - the property of being long-lived
oldness - the opposite of youngness


noun superiority, rank, priority, precedence, longer service he was third or fourth in seniority
hodnostní zařazení
hærri aldur/tign
hodnostné zariadenie


[ˌsiːnɪˈɒrɪtɪ] Nantigüedad f


[ˌsiːniˈɒrəti] n
(in rank)ancienneté f
in order of seniority → par ordre hiérarchique
The report listed their names in order of seniority → Le rapport citait leurs noms par ordre hiérarchique.
(in age)ancienneté fsenior prom n (US)bal m des classes de terminalesenior school n (British)
(= secondary school) → collège m
(= oldest classes) → grandes classes fplsenior year n (US) (at school)terminale f, classe f terminale


n (in age) → (höheres) Alter; (in rank) → (höhere) Position; (Mil) → (höherer) Rang; (in civil service etc) → (höherer) Dienstgrad; (by length of service) → (längere) Betriebszugehörigkeit; (in civil service etc) → (höheres) Dienstalter; promotion on the basis of seniorityBeförderung fnach Länge der Dienstzeit/Betriebszugehörigkeit


[ˌsiːnɪˈɒrɪtɪ] n (in age, years of service) → anzianità; (in rank) → superiorità


(ˈsiːnjə) noun
1. (also adjective) (a person who is) older in years or higher in rank or authority. John is senior to me by two years; He is two years my senior; senior army officers.
2. (American) a student in his/her last year in college or high school.
(often abbreviated to Snr, ~Sr or Sen. when written) used to indicate the father of a person who is alive and who has the same name. John Jones Senior.
ˌseniˈority (-niˈo-) noun
the state of being senior. The officers sat at the table in order of seniority.
senior citizen
a person who has passed retirement age.

older than but senior to.
References in classic literature ?
The government of children should be kingly; for the power of the father over the child is founded in affection and seniority, which is a species of kingly government; for which reason Homer very properly calls Jupiter "the father of gods and men," who was king of both these; for nature requires that a king should be of the same species with those whom he governs, though superior in some particulars, as is the case between the elder and the younger, the father and the son.
We were a single family of only twelve, in this rare fabric, among which I remember that I occupied the seventh place in the order of arrangement, and of course in the order of seniority also.
His looks shewing him not pained, but pleased with this allusion to his situation, she was emboldened to go on; and feeling in herself the right of seniority of mind, she ventured to recommend a larger allowance of prose in his daily study; and on being requested to particularize, mentioned such works of our best moralists, such collections of the finest letters, such memoirs of characters of worth and suffering, as occurred to her at the moment as calculated to rouse and fortify the mind by the highest precepts, and the strongest examples of moral and religious endurances.
The command of the left flank belonged by seniority to the commander of the regiment Kutuzov had reviewed at Braunau and in which Dolokhov was serving as a private.
A voyage to Europe was pronounced necessary for him--and having served his full time in India and had fine appointments which had enabled him to lay by a considerable sum of money, he was free to come home and stay with a good pension, or to return and resume that rank in the service to which his seniority and his vast talents entitled him.
So promotion had come to him tardily, and by virtue of the slowly-working laws of seniority.
and straightway comes over the water from some distant cove the same password repeated, where the next in seniority and girth has gulped down to his mark; and when this observance has made the circuit of the shores, then ejaculates the master of ceremonies, with satisfaction, tr-r-r-oonk
The gods must seat themselves without seneschal in our Olympus, and as they can instal themselves by seniority divine.
But allusion being made to her being held in disregard by the gentlemen, she evinced violent emotion, and this blow was no sooner followed up by the remark concerning her seniority, than she fell back upon the sofa, uttering dismal screams.
Antilochus carried off the last prize and smiled as he said to the bystanders, "You all see, my friends, that now too the gods have shown their respect for seniority.
Now you understand," pursued Aramis, "that the king, who with so much pleasure saw himself repeated in one, was in despair about two; fearing that the second might dispute the first's claim to seniority, which had been recognized only two hours before; and so this second son, relying on party interests and caprices, might one day sow discord and engender civil war throughout the kingdom; by these means destroying the very dynasty he should have strengthened.
Islamabad -- The administration of national television channel (PTV) has allegedly changed the seniority list of the employees in order to facilitate the blue-eyed personalities.